Guide to the Secure Configuration of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8

with profile Standard System Security Profile for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8
This profile contains rules to ensure standard security baseline of a Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 system. Regardless of your system's workload all of these checks should pass.
This guide presents a catalog of security-relevant configuration settings for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8. It is a rendering of content structured in the eXtensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) in order to support security automation. The SCAP content is is available in the scap-security-guide package which is developed at https://www.open-scap.org/security-policies/scap-security-guide.

Providing system administrators with such guidance informs them how to securely configure systems under their control in a variety of network roles. Policy makers and baseline creators can use this catalog of settings, with its associated references to higher-level security control catalogs, in order to assist them in security baseline creation. This guide is a catalog, not a checklist, and satisfaction of every item is not likely to be possible or sensible in many operational scenarios. However, the XCCDF format enables granular selection and adjustment of settings, and their association with OVAL and OCIL content provides an automated checking capability. Transformations of this document, and its associated automated checking content, are capable of providing baselines that meet a diverse set of policy objectives. Some example XCCDF Profiles, which are selections of items that form checklists and can be used as baselines, are available with this guide. They can be processed, in an automated fashion, with tools that support the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). The DISA STIG, which provides required settings for US Department of Defense systems, is one example of a baseline created from this guidance.
Do not attempt to implement any of the settings in this guide without first testing them in a non-operational environment. The creators of this guidance assume no responsibility whatsoever for its use by other parties, and makes no guarantees, expressed or implied, about its quality, reliability, or any other characteristic.

Profile Information

Profile TitleStandard System Security Profile for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8
Profile IDxccdf_org.ssgproject.content_profile_standard

CPE Platforms

  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.0
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.1
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.2
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.3
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.4
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.5
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.6
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.7
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.8
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.9
  • cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:8.10

Revision History

Current version: 0.1.62

  • draft (as of 2022-05-27)

Table of Contents

  1. System Settings
    1. Installing and Maintaining Software
    2. Account and Access Control
    3. System Accounting with auditd
    4. Configure Syslog
    5. File Permissions and Masks
  2. Services
    1. Base Services
    2. Cron and At Daemons

Checklist

Group   Guide to the Secure Configuration of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8   Group contains 29 groups and 57 rules
Group   System Settings   Group contains 25 groups and 51 rules
[ref]   Contains rules that check correct system settings.
Group   Installing and Maintaining Software   Group contains 6 groups and 13 rules
[ref]   The following sections contain information on security-relevant choices during the initial operating system installation process and the setup of software updates.
Group   System and Software Integrity   Group contains 3 groups and 8 rules
[ref]   System and software integrity can be gained by installing antivirus, increasing system encryption strength with FIPS, verifying installed software, enabling SELinux, installing an Intrusion Prevention System, etc. However, installing or enabling integrity checking tools cannot prevent intrusions, but they can detect that an intrusion may have occurred. Requirements for integrity checking may be highly dependent on the environment in which the system will be used. Snapshot-based approaches such as AIDE may induce considerable overhead in the presence of frequent software updates.
Group   Software Integrity Checking   Group contains 1 group and 2 rules
[ref]   Both the AIDE (Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment) software and the RPM package management system provide mechanisms for verifying the integrity of installed software. AIDE uses snapshots of file metadata (such as hashes) and compares these to current system files in order to detect changes.

The RPM package management system can conduct integrity checks by comparing information in its metadata database with files installed on the system.
Group   Verify Integrity with RPM   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   The RPM package management system includes the ability to verify the integrity of installed packages by comparing the installed files with information about the files taken from the package metadata stored in the RPM database. Although an attacker could corrupt the RPM database (analogous to attacking the AIDE database as described above), this check can still reveal modification of important files. To list which files on the system differ from what is expected by the RPM database:
$ rpm -qVa
See the man page for rpm to see a complete explanation of each column.

Rule   Verify File Hashes with RPM   [ref]

Without cryptographic integrity protections, system executables and files can be altered by unauthorized users without detection. The RPM package management system can check the hashes of installed software packages, including many that are important to system security. To verify that the cryptographic hash of system files and commands matches vendor values, run the following command to list which files on the system have hashes that differ from what is expected by the RPM database:
$ rpm -Va --noconfig | grep '^..5'
A "c" in the second column indicates that a file is a configuration file, which may appropriately be expected to change. If the file was not expected to change, investigate the cause of the change using audit logs or other means. The package can then be reinstalled to restore the file. Run the following command to determine which package owns the file:
$ rpm -qf FILENAME
The package can be reinstalled from a yum repository using the command:
$ sudo yum reinstall PACKAGENAME
Alternatively, the package can be reinstalled from trusted media using the command:
$ sudo rpm -Uvh PACKAGENAME
Rationale:
The hashes of important files like system executables should match the information given by the RPM database. Executables with erroneous hashes could be a sign of nefarious activity on the system.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_rpm_verify_hashes
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80857-6

References:  11, 2, 3, 9, 5.10.4.1, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS06.02, 3.3.8, 3.4.1, CCI-000366, CCI-001749, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.312(b), 164.312(c)(1), 164.312(c)(2), 164.312(e)(2)(i), 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, CM-6(d), CM-6(c), SI-7, SI-7(1), SI-7(6), AU-9(3), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, Req-11.5, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 6.1.1


Complexity:high
Disruption:medium
Strategy:restrict
- name: 'Set fact: Package manager reinstall command (dnf)'
  set_fact:
    package_manager_reinstall_cmd: dnf reinstall -y
  when: ansible_distribution == "Fedora"
  tags:
    - CCE-80857-6
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.8
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.1
    - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(c)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(d)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(6)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
    - high_complexity
    - high_severity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - rpm_verify_hashes

- name: 'Set fact: Package manager reinstall command (yum)'
  set_fact:
    package_manager_reinstall_cmd: yum reinstall -y
  when: (ansible_distribution == "RedHat" or ansible_distribution == "OracleLinux")
  tags:
    - CCE-80857-6
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.8
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.1
    - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(c)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(d)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(6)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
    - high_complexity
    - high_severity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - rpm_verify_hashes

- name: Read files with incorrect hash
  command: rpm -Va --nodeps --nosize --nomtime --nordev --nocaps --nolinkto --nouser
    --nogroup --nomode --noghost --noconfig
  args:
    warn: false
  register: files_with_incorrect_hash
  changed_when: false
  failed_when: files_with_incorrect_hash.rc > 1
  check_mode: false
  when: (package_manager_reinstall_cmd is defined)
  tags:
    - CCE-80857-6
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.8
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.1
    - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(c)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(d)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(6)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
    - high_complexity
    - high_severity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - rpm_verify_hashes

- name: Create list of packages
  command: rpm -qf "{{ item }}"
  args:
    warn: false
  with_items: '{{ files_with_incorrect_hash.stdout_lines | map(''regex_findall'',
    ''^[.]+[5]+.* (\/.*)'', ''\1'') | map(''join'') | select(''match'', ''(\/.*)'')
    | list | unique }}'
  register: list_of_packages
  changed_when: false
  check_mode: false
  when:
    - files_with_incorrect_hash.stdout_lines is defined
    - (files_with_incorrect_hash.stdout_lines | length > 0)
  tags:
    - CCE-80857-6
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.8
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.1
    - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(c)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(d)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(6)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
    - high_complexity
    - high_severity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - rpm_verify_hashes

- name: Reinstall packages of files with incorrect hash
  command: '{{ package_manager_reinstall_cmd }} ''{{ item }}'''
  args:
    warn: false
  with_items: '{{ list_of_packages.results | map(attribute=''stdout_lines'') | list
    | unique }}'
  when:
    - files_with_incorrect_hash.stdout_lines is defined
    - (package_manager_reinstall_cmd is defined and (files_with_incorrect_hash.stdout_lines
      | length > 0))
  tags:
    - CCE-80857-6
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.8
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.1
    - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(c)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(d)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(6)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
    - high_complexity
    - high_severity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - rpm_verify_hashes


# Find which files have incorrect hash (not in /etc, because of the system related config files) and then get files names
files_with_incorrect_hash="$(rpm -Va --noconfig | grep -E '^..5' | awk '{print $NF}' )"

# From files names get package names and change newline to space, because rpm writes each package to new line
packages_to_reinstall="$(rpm -qf $files_with_incorrect_hash | tr '\n' ' ')"

yum reinstall -y $packages_to_reinstall

Rule   Verify and Correct File Permissions with RPM   [ref]

The RPM package management system can check file access permissions of installed software packages, including many that are important to system security. Verify that the file permissions of system files and commands match vendor values. Check the file permissions with the following command:
$ sudo rpm -Va | awk '{ if (substr($0,2,1)=="M") print $NF }'
Output indicates files that do not match vendor defaults. After locating a file with incorrect permissions, run the following command to determine which package owns it:
$ rpm -qf FILENAME

Next, run the following command to reset its permissions to the correct values:
$ sudo rpm --setperms PACKAGENAME
Warning:  Profiles may require that specific files have stricter file permissions than defined by the vendor. Such files will be reported as a finding and need to be evaluated according to your policy and deployment environment.
Rationale:
Permissions on system binaries and configuration files that are too generous could allow an unauthorized user to gain privileges that they should not have. The permissions set by the vendor should be maintained. Any deviations from this baseline should be investigated.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_rpm_verify_permissions
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80858-4

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, 6, 9, 5.10.4.1, APO01.06, APO11.04, BAI03.05, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, MEA02.01, 3.3.8, 3.4.1, CCI-001493, CCI-001494, CCI-001495, CCI-001496, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.312(b), 164.312(c)(1), 164.312(c)(2), 164.312(e)(2)(i), 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 2.1, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 5.2, SR 7.6, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.2, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, CIP-003-8 R4.2, CIP-003-8 R6, CIP-007-3 R4, CIP-007-3 R4.1, CIP-007-3 R4.2, CM-6(d), CM-6(c), SI-7, SI-7(1), SI-7(6), AU-9(3), CM-6(a), PR.AC-4, PR.DS-5, PR.IP-1, PR.PT-1, Req-11.5, SRG-OS-000256-GPOS-00097, SRG-OS-000257-GPOS-00098, SRG-OS-000258-GPOS-00099, SRG-OS-000278-GPOS-00108, 1.8.1.4, 1.8.1.5, 1.8.1.6, 6.1.1, 6.1.2, 6.1.3, 6.1.4, 6.1.5, 6.1.6, 6.1.7, 6.1.8, 6.1.9


Complexity:high
Disruption:medium
Strategy:restrict
- name: Read list of files with incorrect permissions
  command: rpm -Va --nodeps --nosignature --nofiledigest --nosize --nomtime --nordev
    --nocaps --nolinkto --nouser --nogroup
  args:
    warn: false
  register: files_with_incorrect_permissions
  failed_when: files_with_incorrect_permissions.rc > 1
  changed_when: false
  check_mode: false
  tags:
    - CCE-80858-4
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.8
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.1
    - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(c)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(d)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(6)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
    - high_complexity
    - high_severity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - rpm_verify_permissions

- name: Create list of packages
  command: rpm -qf "{{ item }}"
  args:
    warn: false
  with_items: '{{ files_with_incorrect_permissions.stdout_lines | map(''regex_findall'',
    ''^[.]+[M]+.* (\/.*)'', ''\1'') | map(''join'') | select(''match'', ''(\/.*)'')
    | list | unique }}'
  register: list_of_packages
  changed_when: false
  check_mode: false
  when: (files_with_incorrect_permissions.stdout_lines | length > 0)
  tags:
    - CCE-80858-4
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.8
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.1
    - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(c)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(d)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(6)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
    - high_complexity
    - high_severity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - rpm_verify_permissions

- name: Correct file permissions with RPM
  command: rpm --setperms '{{ item }}'
  args:
    warn: false
  with_items: '{{ list_of_packages.results | map(attribute=''stdout_lines'') | list
    | unique }}'
  when: (files_with_incorrect_permissions.stdout_lines | length > 0)
  tags:
    - CCE-80858-4
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.8
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.1
    - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(c)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(d)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(6)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
    - high_complexity
    - high_severity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - rpm_verify_permissions

Complexity:high
Disruption:medium
Strategy:restrict

# Declare array to hold set of RPM packages we need to correct permissions for
declare -A SETPERMS_RPM_DICT

# Create a list of files on the system having permissions different from what
# is expected by the RPM database
readarray -t FILES_WITH_INCORRECT_PERMS < <(rpm -Va --nofiledigest | awk '{ if (substr($0,2,1)=="M") print $NF }')

for FILE_PATH in "${FILES_WITH_INCORRECT_PERMS[@]}"
do
        # NOTE: some files maybe controlled by more then one package
        readarray -t RPM_PACKAGES < <(rpm -qf "${FILE_PATH}")
        for RPM_PACKAGE in "${RPM_PACKAGES[@]}"
        do
                # Use an associative array to store packages as it's keys, not having to care about duplicates.
                SETPERMS_RPM_DICT["$RPM_PACKAGE"]=1
        done
done

# For each of the RPM packages left in the list -- reset its permissions to the
# correct values
for RPM_PACKAGE in "${!SETPERMS_RPM_DICT[@]}"
do
	rpm --restore "${RPM_PACKAGE}"
done
Group   System Cryptographic Policies   Group contains 6 rules
[ref]   Linux has the capability to centrally configure cryptographic polices. The command update-crypto-policies is used to set the policy applicable for the various cryptographic back-ends, such as SSL/TLS libraries. The configured cryptographic policies will be the default policy used by these backends unless the application user configures them otherwise. When the system has been configured to use the centralized cryptographic policies, the administrator is assured that any application that utilizes the supported backends will follow a policy that adheres to the configured profile. Currently the supported backends are:
  • GnuTLS library
  • OpenSSL library
  • NSS library
  • OpenJDK
  • Libkrb5
  • BIND
  • OpenSSH
Applications and languages which rely on any of these backends will follow the system policies as well. Examples are apache httpd, nginx, php, and others.

Rule   Configure BIND to use System Crypto Policy   [ref]

Crypto Policies provide a centralized control over crypto algorithms usage of many packages. BIND is supported by crypto policy, but the BIND configuration may be set up to ignore it. To check that Crypto Policies settings are configured correctly, ensure that the /etc/named.conf includes the appropriate configuration: In the options section of /etc/named.conf, make sure that the following line is not commented out or superseded by later includes: include "/etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/bind.config";
Rationale:
Overriding the system crypto policy makes the behavior of the BIND service violate expectations, and makes system configuration more fragmented.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_configure_bind_crypto_policy
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80934-3

References:  CIP-003-8 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1, SC-13, SC-12(2), SC-12(3), SRG-OS-000423-GPOS-00187, SRG-OS-000426-GPOS-00190, RHEL-08-010020, SV-230223r792855_rule



function remediate_bind_crypto_policy() {
	CONFIG_FILE="/etc/named.conf"
	if test -f "$CONFIG_FILE"; then
		sed -i 's|options {|&\n\tinclude "/etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/bind.config";|' "$CONFIG_FILE"
		return 0
	else
		echo "Aborting remediation as '$CONFIG_FILE' was not even found." >&2
		return 1
	fi
}

remediate_bind_crypto_policy

Rule   Configure System Cryptography Policy   [ref]

To configure the system cryptography policy to use ciphers only from the DEFAULT policy, run the following command:
$ sudo update-crypto-policies --set DEFAULT
The rule checks if settings for selected crypto policy are configured as expected. Configuration files in the /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends are either symlinks to correct files provided by Crypto-policies package or they are regular files in case crypto policy customizations are applied. Crypto policies may be customized by crypto policy modules, in which case it is delimited from the base policy using a colon.
Warning:  The system needs to be rebooted for these changes to take effect.
Warning:  System Crypto Modules must be provided by a vendor that undergoes FIPS-140 certifications. FIPS-140 is applicable to all Federal agencies that use cryptographic-based security systems to protect sensitive information in computer and telecommunication systems (including voice systems) as defined in Section 5131 of the Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996, Public Law 104-106. This standard shall be used in designing and implementing cryptographic modules that Federal departments and agencies operate or are operated for them under contract. See https://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/FIPS/NIST.FIPS.140-2.pdf To meet this, the system has to have cryptographic software provided by a vendor that has undergone this certification. This means providing documentation, test results, design information, and independent third party review by an accredited lab. While open source software is capable of meeting this, it does not meet FIPS-140 unless the vendor submits to this process.
Rationale:
Centralized cryptographic policies simplify applying secure ciphers across an operating system and the applications that run on that operating system. Use of weak or untested encryption algorithms undermines the purposes of utilizing encryption to protect data.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_configure_crypto_policy
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80935-0

References:  164.308(a)(4)(i), 164.308(b)(1), 164.308(b)(3), 164.312(e)(1), 164.312(e)(2)(ii), 1446, CIP-003-8 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R7.1, AC-17(a), AC-17(2), CM-6(a), MA-4(6), SC-13, SC-12(2), SC-12(3), FCS_COP.1(1), FCS_COP.1(2), FCS_COP.1(3), FCS_COP.1(4), FCS_CKM.1, FCS_CKM.2, FCS_TLSC_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000396-GPOS-00176, SRG-OS-000393-GPOS-00173, SRG-OS-000394-GPOS-00174, RHEL-08-010020, 1.10, 1.11, SV-230223r792855_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_system_crypto_policy # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_system_crypto_policy: !!str DEFAULT
  tags:
    - always

- name: Configure System Cryptography Policy
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/crypto-policies/config
    regexp: ^(?!#)(\S+)$
    line: '{{ var_system_crypto_policy }}'
    create: true
  tags:
    - CCE-80935-0
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010020
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(2)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-MA-4(6)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(2)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-13
    - configure_crypto_policy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Verify that Crypto Policy is Set (runtime)
  command: /usr/bin/update-crypto-policies --set {{ var_system_crypto_policy }}
  tags:
    - CCE-80935-0
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010020
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(2)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-MA-4(6)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(2)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-13
    - configure_crypto_policy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy


var_system_crypto_policy='DEFAULT'


stderr_of_call=$(update-crypto-policies --set ${var_system_crypto_policy} 2>&1 > /dev/null)
rc=$?

if test "$rc" = 127; then
	echo "$stderr_of_call" >&2
	echo "Make sure that the script is installed on the remediated system." >&2
	echo "See output of the 'dnf provides update-crypto-policies' command" >&2
	echo "to see what package to (re)install" >&2

	false  # end with an error code
elif test "$rc" != 0; then
	echo "Error invoking the update-crypto-policies script: $stderr_of_call" >&2
	false  # end with an error code
fi

Rule   Configure Kerberos to use System Crypto Policy   [ref]

Crypto Policies provide a centralized control over crypto algorithms usage of many packages. Kerberos is supported by crypto policy, but it's configuration may be set up to ignore it. To check that Crypto Policies settings for Kerberos are configured correctly, examine that there is a symlink at /etc/krb5.conf.d/crypto-policies targeting /etc/cypto-policies/back-ends/krb5.config. If the symlink exists, Kerberos is configured to use the system-wide crypto policy settings.
Rationale:
Overriding the system crypto policy makes the behavior of Kerberos violate expectations, and makes system configuration more fragmented.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_configure_kerberos_crypto_policy
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80936-8

References:  0418, 1055, 1402, CIP-003-8 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1, SC-13, SC-12(2), SC-12(3), SRG-OS-000120-GPOS-00061, RHEL-08-010020, SV-230223r792855_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:configure
- name: Configure Kerberos to use System Crypto Policy
  file:
    src: /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/krb5.config
    path: /etc/krb5.conf.d/crypto-policies
    state: link
  tags:
    - CCE-80936-8
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010020
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(2)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-13
    - configure_kerberos_crypto_policy
    - configure_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - reboot_required

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:configure

rm -f /etc/krb5.conf.d/crypto-policies
ln -s /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/krb5.config /etc/krb5.conf.d/crypto-policies

Rule   Configure Libreswan to use System Crypto Policy   [ref]

Crypto Policies provide a centralized control over crypto algorithms usage of many packages. Libreswan is supported by system crypto policy, but the Libreswan configuration may be set up to ignore it. To check that Crypto Policies settings are configured correctly, ensure that the /etc/ipsec.conf includes the appropriate configuration file. In /etc/ipsec.conf, make sure that the following line is not commented out or superseded by later includes: include /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/libreswan.config
Rationale:
Overriding the system crypto policy makes the behavior of the Libreswan service violate expectations, and makes system configuration more fragmented.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_configure_libreswan_crypto_policy
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80937-6

References:  CIP-003-8 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CM-6(a), MA-4(6), SC-13, SC-12(2), SC-12(3), FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.4, FCS_IPSEC_EXT.1.6, SRG-OS-000033-GPOS-00014, RHEL-08-010020, SV-230223r792855_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Configure Libreswan to use System Crypto Policy
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/ipsec.conf
    line: include /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/libreswan.config
    create: true
  tags:
    - CCE-80937-6
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010020
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-MA-4(6)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(2)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-13
    - configure_libreswan_crypto_policy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy


function remediate_libreswan_crypto_policy() {
    CONFIG_FILE="/etc/ipsec.conf"
    if ! grep -qP "^\s*include\s+/etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/libreswan.config\s*(?:#.*)?$" "$CONFIG_FILE" ; then
        echo 'include /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/libreswan.config' >> "$CONFIG_FILE"
    fi
    return 0
}

remediate_libreswan_crypto_policy

Rule   Configure OpenSSL library to use System Crypto Policy   [ref]

Crypto Policies provide a centralized control over crypto algorithms usage of many packages. OpenSSL is supported by crypto policy, but the OpenSSL configuration may be set up to ignore it. To check that Crypto Policies settings are configured correctly, you have to examine the OpenSSL config file available under /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf. This file has the ini format, and it enables crypto policy support if there is a [ crypto_policy ] section that contains the .include /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/opensslcnf.config directive.
Rationale:
Overriding the system crypto policy makes the behavior of the Java runtime violates expectations, and makes system configuration more fragmented.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_configure_openssl_crypto_policy
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80938-4

References:  CCI-001453, CIP-003-8 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R7.1, AC-17(a), AC-17(2), CM-6(a), MA-4(6), SC-13, SC-12(2), SC-12(3), SRG-OS-000250-GPOS-00093, RHEL-08-010293, SV-230254r627750_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
- name: Test for crypto_policy group
  command: grep '^\s*\[\s*crypto_policy\s*]' /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf
  register: test_crypto_policy_group
  ignore_errors: true
  changed_when: false
  check_mode: false
  tags:
    - CCE-80938-4
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010293
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(2)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-MA-4(6)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(2)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-13
    - configure_openssl_crypto_policy
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - unknown_strategy

- name: Add .include for opensslcnf.config to crypto_policy section
  lineinfile:
    create: true
    insertafter: ^\s*\[\s*crypto_policy\s*]\s*
    line: .include /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/opensslcnf.config
    path: /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf
  when:
    - test_crypto_policy_group.stdout is defined
    - test_crypto_policy_group.stdout | length > 0
  tags:
    - CCE-80938-4
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010293
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(2)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-MA-4(6)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(2)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-13
    - configure_openssl_crypto_policy
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - unknown_strategy

- name: Add crypto_policy group and set include opensslcnf.config
  lineinfile:
    create: true
    line: |-
      [crypto_policy]
      .include /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/opensslcnf.config
    path: /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf
  when:
    - test_crypto_policy_group.stdout is defined
    - test_crypto_policy_group.stdout | length < 1
  tags:
    - CCE-80938-4
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010293
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(2)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-MA-4(6)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(2)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-13
    - configure_openssl_crypto_policy
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - unknown_strategy


OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_SECTION='[ crypto_policy ]'
OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_SECTION_REGEX='\[\s*crypto_policy\s*\]'
OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_INCLUSION='.include /etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/opensslcnf.config'
OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_INCLUSION_REGEX='^\s*\.include\s*/etc/crypto-policies/back-ends/opensslcnf.config$'


  


function remediate_openssl_crypto_policy() {
	CONFIG_FILE=/etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf
	if test -f "$CONFIG_FILE"; then
		if ! grep -q "^\\s*$OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_SECTION_REGEX" "$CONFIG_FILE"; then
			printf '\n%s\n\n%s' "$OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_SECTION" "$OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_INCLUSION" >> "$CONFIG_FILE"
			return 0
		elif ! grep -q "^\\s*$OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_INCLUSION_REGEX" "$CONFIG_FILE"; then
			sed -i "s|$OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_SECTION_REGEX|&\\n\\n$OPENSSL_CRYPTO_POLICY_INCLUSION\\n|" "$CONFIG_FILE"
			return 0
		fi
	else
		echo "Aborting remediation as '$CONFIG_FILE' was not even found." >&2
		return 1
	fi
}

remediate_openssl_crypto_policy

Rule   Configure SSH to use System Crypto Policy   [ref]

Crypto Policies provide a centralized control over crypto algorithms usage of many packages. SSH is supported by crypto policy, but the SSH configuration may be set up to ignore it. To check that Crypto Policies settings are configured correctly, ensure that the CRYPTO_POLICY variable is either commented or not set at all in the /etc/sysconfig/sshd.
Rationale:
Overriding the system crypto policy makes the behavior of the SSH service violate expectations, and makes system configuration more fragmented.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_configure_ssh_crypto_policy
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80939-2

References:  164.308(a)(4)(i), 164.308(b)(1), 164.308(b)(3), 164.312(e)(1), 164.312(e)(2)(ii), CIP-003-8 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R7.1, AC-17(a), AC-17(2), CM-6(a), MA-4(6), SC-13, SRG-OS-000250-GPOS-00093, RHEL-08-010287, 5.2.20, SV-244526r809334_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: Configure SSH to use System Crypto Policy
  lineinfile:
    dest: /etc/sysconfig/sshd
    state: absent
    regexp: ^\s*(?i)CRYPTO_POLICY.*$
  tags:
    - CCE-80939-2
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010287
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(2)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-MA-4(6)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-13
    - configure_ssh_crypto_policy
    - disable_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required


SSH_CONF="/etc/sysconfig/sshd"

sed -i "/^\s*CRYPTO_POLICY.*$/Id" $SSH_CONF
Group   Disk Partitioning   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   To ensure separation and protection of data, there are top-level system directories which should be placed on their own physical partition or logical volume. The installer's default partitioning scheme creates separate logical volumes for /, /boot, and swap.
  • If starting with any of the default layouts, check the box to \"Review and modify partitioning.\" This allows for the easy creation of additional logical volumes inside the volume group already created, though it may require making /'s logical volume smaller to create space. In general, using logical volumes is preferable to using partitions because they can be more easily adjusted later.
  • If creating a custom layout, create the partitions mentioned in the previous paragraph (which the installer will require anyway), as well as separate ones described in the following sections.
If a system has already been installed, and the default partitioning scheme was used, it is possible but nontrivial to modify it to create separate logical volumes for the directories listed above. The Logical Volume Manager (LVM) makes this possible. See the LVM HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/ for more detailed information on LVM.

Rule   Ensure /var/log Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

System logs are stored in the /var/log directory. Ensure that /var/log has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
Placing /var/log in its own partition enables better separation between log files and other files in /var/.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_log
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80853-5

References:  BP28(R12), BP28(R47), 1, 12, 14, 15, 16, 3, 5, 6, 8, APO11.04, APO13.01, BAI03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, MEA02.01, CCI-000366, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, CIP-007-3 R6.5, CM-6(a), AU-4, SC-5(2), PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, RHEL-08-010541, 1.1.11, SV-230293r627750_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Strategy:enable

part /var/log


[[customizations.filesystem]]
mountpoint = "/var/log"
size = 5368709120

Rule   Ensure /var/log/audit Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

Audit logs are stored in the /var/log/audit directory. Ensure that /var/log/audit has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM. Make absolutely certain that it is large enough to store all audit logs that will be created by the auditing daemon.
Rationale:
Placing /var/log/audit in its own partition enables better separation between audit files and other files, and helps ensure that auditing cannot be halted due to the partition running out of space.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_log_audit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80854-3

References:  BP28(R43), 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, APO11.04, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI04.04, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, MEA02.01, CCI-000366, CCI-001849, 164.312(a)(2)(ii), 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6, A.12.1.3, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.17.2.1, CIP-007-3 R6.5, CM-6(a), AU-4, SC-5(2), PR.DS-4, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000341-GPOS-00132, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000341-VMM-001220, RHEL-08-010542, 1.1.12, SV-230294r627750_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Strategy:enable

part /var/log/audit


[[customizations.filesystem]]
mountpoint = "/var/log/audit"
size = 10737418240
Group   Updating Software   Group contains 3 rules
[ref]   The yum command line tool is used to install and update software packages. The system also provides a graphical software update tool in the System menu, in the Administration submenu, called Software Update.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 systems contain an installed software catalog called the RPM database, which records metadata of installed packages. Consistently using yum or the graphical Software Update for all software installation allows for insight into the current inventory of installed software on the system.

Rule   Ensure gpgcheck Enabled In Main yum Configuration   [ref]

The gpgcheck option controls whether RPM packages' signatures are always checked prior to installation. To configure yum to check package signatures before installing them, ensure the following line appears in /etc/yum.conf in the [main] section:
gpgcheck=1
Rationale:
Changes to any software components can have significant effects on the overall security of the operating system. This requirement ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor.
Accordingly, patches, service packs, device drivers, or operating system components must be signed with a certificate recognized and approved by the organization.
Verifying the authenticity of the software prior to installation validates the integrity of the patch or upgrade received from a vendor. This ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor. Self-signed certificates are disallowed by this requirement. Certificates used to verify the software must be from an approved Certificate Authority (CA).
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80790-9

References:  BP28(R15), 11, 2, 3, 9, 5.10.4.1, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS06.02, 3.4.8, CCI-001749, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.312(b), 164.312(c)(1), 164.312(c)(2), 164.312(e)(2)(i), 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, CM-5(3), SI-7, SC-12, SC-12(3), CM-6(a), SA-12, SA-12(10), CM-11(a), CM-11(b), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, FPT_TUD_EXT.1, FPT_TUD_EXT.2, Req-6.2, SRG-OS-000366-GPOS-00153, SRG-OS-000366-VMM-001430, SRG-OS-000370-VMM-001460, SRG-OS-000404-VMM-001650, RHEL-08-010370, 1.2.4, SV-230264r627750_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80790-9
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010370
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
    - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SA-12
    - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - configure_strategy
    - ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure GPG check is globally activated
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/yum.conf
    section: main
    option: gpgcheck
    value: 1
    no_extra_spaces: true
    create: false
  when: '"yum" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80790-9
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010370
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
    - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SA-12
    - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - configure_strategy
    - ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q yum; then

# Test if the config_file is a symbolic link. If so, use --follow-symlinks with sed.
# Otherwise, regular sed command will do.
sed_command=('sed' '-i')
if test -L "/etc/yum.conf"; then
    sed_command+=('--follow-symlinks')
fi

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^gpgcheck")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "1"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^gpgcheck\\>" "/etc/yum.conf"; then
    "${sed_command[@]}" "s/^gpgcheck\\>.*/$formatted_output/gi" "/etc/yum.conf"
else
    # \n is precaution for case where file ends without trailing newline
    cce="CCE-80790-9"
    printf '\n# Per %s: Set %s in %s\n' "$cce" "$formatted_output" "/etc/yum.conf" >> "/etc/yum.conf"
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/yum.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure Red Hat GPG Key Installed   [ref]

To ensure the system can cryptographically verify base software packages come from Red Hat (and to connect to the Red Hat Network to receive them), the Red Hat GPG key must properly be installed. To install the Red Hat GPG key, run:
$ sudo subscription-manager register
If the system is not connected to the Internet or an RHN Satellite, then install the Red Hat GPG key from trusted media such as the Red Hat installation CD-ROM or DVD. Assuming the disc is mounted in /media/cdrom, use the following command as the root user to import it into the keyring:
$ sudo rpm --import /media/cdrom/RPM-GPG-KEY
Alternatively, the key may be pre-loaded during the RHEL installation. In such cases, the key can be installed by running the following command:
sudo rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
Rationale:
Changes to software components can have significant effects on the overall security of the operating system. This requirement ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor. The Red Hat GPG key is necessary to cryptographically verify packages are from Red Hat.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_ensure_redhat_gpgkey_installed
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80795-8

References:  BP28(R15), 11, 2, 3, 9, 5.10.4.1, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS06.02, 3.4.8, CCI-001749, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.312(b), 164.312(c)(1), 164.312(c)(2), 164.312(e)(2)(i), 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, CIP-003-8 R4.2, CIP-003-8 R6, CIP-007-3 R4, CIP-007-3 R4.1, CIP-007-3 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CM-5(3), SI-7, SC-12, SC-12(3), CM-6(a), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, FPT_TUD_EXT.1, FPT_TUD_EXT.2, Req-6.2, SRG-OS-000366-GPOS-00153, SRG-OS-000366-VMM-001430, SRG-OS-000370-VMM-001460, SRG-OS-000404-VMM-001650, 1.2.3


Complexity:medium
Disruption:medium
Strategy:restrict
- name: Read permission of GPG key directory
  stat:
    path: /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/
  register: gpg_key_directory_permission
  check_mode: false
  tags:
    - CCE-80795-8
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
    - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - ensure_redhat_gpgkey_installed
    - high_severity
    - medium_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Read signatures in GPG key
  command: gpg --show-keys --with-fingerprint --with-colons "/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release"
  args:
    warn: false
  changed_when: false
  register: gpg_fingerprints
  check_mode: false
  tags:
    - CCE-80795-8
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
    - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - ensure_redhat_gpgkey_installed
    - high_severity
    - medium_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Fact - Installed GPG Fingerprints
  set_fact:
    gpg_installed_fingerprints: |-
      {{ gpg_fingerprints.stdout | regex_findall('^pub.*
      (?:^fpr[:]*)([0-9A-Fa-f]*)', '\1') | list }}
  tags:
    - CCE-80795-8
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
    - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - ensure_redhat_gpgkey_installed
    - high_severity
    - medium_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Fact - Valid fingerprints
  set_fact:
    gpg_valid_fingerprints: ("567E347AD0044ADE55BA8A5F199E2F91FD431D51" "6A6AA7C97C8890AEC6AEBFE2F76F66C3D4082792")
  tags:
    - CCE-80795-8
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
    - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - ensure_redhat_gpgkey_installed
    - high_severity
    - medium_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Import RedHat GPG key
  rpm_key:
    state: present
    key: /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
  when:
    - gpg_key_directory_permission.stat.mode <= '0755'
    - (gpg_installed_fingerprints | difference(gpg_valid_fingerprints)) | length ==
      0
    - gpg_installed_fingerprints | length > 0
    - ansible_distribution == "RedHat"
  tags:
    - CCE-80795-8
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
    - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - ensure_redhat_gpgkey_installed
    - high_severity
    - medium_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

# The two fingerprints below are retrieved from https://access.redhat.com/security/team/key
readonly REDHAT_RELEASE_FINGERPRINT="567E347AD0044ADE55BA8A5F199E2F91FD431D51"
readonly REDHAT_AUXILIARY_FINGERPRINT="6A6AA7C97C8890AEC6AEBFE2F76F66C3D4082792"

# Location of the key we would like to import (once it's integrity verified)
readonly REDHAT_RELEASE_KEY="/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release"

RPM_GPG_DIR_PERMS=$(stat -c %a "$(dirname "$REDHAT_RELEASE_KEY")")

# Verify /etc/pki/rpm-gpg directory permissions are safe
if [ "${RPM_GPG_DIR_PERMS}" -le "755" ]
then
  # If they are safe, try to obtain fingerprints from the key file
  # (to ensure there won't be e.g. CRC error).

  readarray -t GPG_OUT < <(gpg --show-keys --with-fingerprint --with-colons "$REDHAT_RELEASE_KEY" | grep -A1 "^pub" | grep "^fpr" | cut -d ":" -f 10)

  GPG_RESULT=$?
  # No CRC error, safe to proceed
  if [ "${GPG_RESULT}" -eq "0" ]
  then
    echo "${GPG_OUT[*]}" | grep -vE "${REDHAT_RELEASE_FINGERPRINT}|${REDHAT_AUXILIARY_FINGERPRINT}" || {
      # If $REDHAT_RELEASE_KEY file doesn't contain any keys with unknown fingerprint, import it
      rpm --import "${REDHAT_RELEASE_KEY}"
    }
  fi
fi

Rule   Ensure Software Patches Installed   [ref]

If the system is joined to the Red Hat Network, a Red Hat Satellite Server, or a yum server, run the following command to install updates:
$ sudo yum update
If the system is not configured to use one of these sources, updates (in the form of RPM packages) can be manually downloaded from the Red Hat Network and installed using rpm.

NOTE: U.S. Defense systems are required to be patched within 30 days or sooner as local policy dictates.
Warning:  The OVAL feed of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 is not a XML file, which may not be understood by all scanners.
Rationale:
Installing software updates is a fundamental mitigation against the exploitation of publicly-known vulnerabilities. If the most recent security patches and updates are not installed, unauthorized users may take advantage of weaknesses in the unpatched software. The lack of prompt attention to patching could result in a system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_security_patches_up_to_date
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80865-9

References:  BP28(R08), 18, 20, 4, 5.10.4.1, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, CCI-000366, CCI-001227, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, SI-2(5), SI-2(c), CM-6(a), ID.RA-1, PR.IP-12, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-6.2, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000480-VMM-002000, RHEL-08-010010, 1.9, SV-230222r627750_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Reboot:true
Strategy:patch
- name: Security patches are up to date
  package:
    name: '*'
    state: latest
  tags:
    - CCE-80865-9
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-010010
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-2(5)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-2(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - high_disruption
    - low_complexity
    - medium_severity
    - patch_strategy
    - reboot_required
    - security_patches_up_to_date
    - skip_ansible_lint

Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Reboot:true
Strategy:patch


yum -y update
Group   Account and Access Control   Group contains 4 groups and 2 rules
[ref]   In traditional Unix security, if an attacker gains shell access to a certain login account, they can perform any action or access any file to which that account has access. Therefore, making it more difficult for unauthorized people to gain shell access to accounts, particularly to privileged accounts, is a necessary part of securing a system. This section introduces mechanisms for restricting access to accounts under Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.
Group   Protect Accounts by Restricting Password-Based Login   Group contains 1 group and 1 rule
[ref]   Conventionally, Unix shell accounts are accessed by providing a username and password to a login program, which tests these values for correctness using the /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow files. Password-based login is vulnerable to guessing of weak passwords, and to sniffing and man-in-the-middle attacks against passwords entered over a network or at an insecure console. Therefore, mechanisms for accessing accounts by entering usernames and passwords should be restricted to those which are operationally necessary.
Group   Verify Proper Storage and Existence of Password Hashes   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   By default, password hashes for local accounts are stored in the second field (colon-separated) in /etc/shadow. This file should be readable only by processes running with root credentials, preventing users from casually accessing others' password hashes and attempting to crack them. However, it remains possible to misconfigure the system and store password hashes in world-readable files such as /etc/passwd, or to even store passwords themselves in plaintext on the system. Using system-provided tools for password change/creation should allow administrators to avoid such misconfiguration.

Rule   Prevent Login to Accounts With Empty Password   [ref]

If an account is configured for password authentication but does not have an assigned password, it may be possible to log into the account without authentication. Remove any instances of the nullok in /etc/pam.d/system-auth to prevent logins with empty passwords.
Warning:  If the system relies on authselect tool to manage PAM settings, the remediation will also use authselect tool. However, if any manual modification was made in PAM files, the authselect integrity check will fail and the remediation will be aborted in order to preserve intentional changes. In this case, an informative message will be shown in the remediation report. Note that this rule is not applicable for systems running within a container. Having user with empty password within a container is not considered a risk, because it should not be possible to directly login into a container anyway.
Rationale:
If an account has an empty password, anyone could log in and run commands with the privileges of that account. Accounts with empty passwords should never be used in operational environments.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_no_empty_passwords
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80841-0

References:  1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, 5.5.2, APO01.06, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.02, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.1.1, 3.1.5, CCI-000366, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii), 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 5.2, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.18.1.4, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, IA-5(1)(a), IA-5(c), CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.DS-5, FIA_UAU.1, Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, RHEL-08-020331, SV-244540r743869_rule


---
apiVersion: machineconfiguration.openshift.io/v1
kind: MachineConfig
spec:
  config:
    ignition:
      version: 3.1.0
    storage:
      files:
      - contents:
          source: data:,%23%20Generated%20by%20authselect%20on%20Sat%20Oct%2027%2014%3A59%3A36%202018%0A%23%20Do%20not%20modify%20this%20file%20manually.%0A%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_env.so%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_faildelay.so%20delay%3D2000000%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_fprintd.so%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%5Bdefault%3D1%20ignore%3Dignore%20success%3Dok%5D%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_succeed_if.so%20uid%20%3E%3D%201000%20quiet%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%5Bdefault%3D1%20ignore%3Dignore%20success%3Dok%5D%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_localuser.so%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_unix.so%20try_first_pass%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20requisite%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_succeed_if.so%20uid%20%3E%3D%201000%20quiet_success%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_sss.so%20forward_pass%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_deny.so%0A%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_unix.so%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_localuser.so%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_succeed_if.so%20uid%20%3C%201000%20quiet%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20%5Bdefault%3Dbad%20success%3Dok%20user_unknown%3Dignore%5D%20pam_sss.so%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_permit.so%0A%0Apassword%20%20%20%20requisite%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_pwquality.so%20try_first_pass%20local_users_only%0Apassword%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_unix.so%20sha512%20shadow%20try_first_pass%20use_authtok%0Apassword%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_sss.so%20use_authtok%0Apassword%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_deny.so%0A%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20optional%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_keyinit.so%20revoke%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_limits.so%0A-session%20%20%20%20optional%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_systemd.so%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20%5Bsuccess%3D1%20default%3Dignore%5D%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_succeed_if.so%20service%20in%20crond%20quiet%20use_uid%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_unix.so%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20optional%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_sss.so%0A
        mode: 0644
        path: /etc/pam.d/password-auth
        overwrite: true
      - contents:
          source: data:,%23%20Generated%20by%20authselect%20on%20Sat%20Oct%2027%2014%3A59%3A36%202018%0A%23%20Do%20not%20modify%20this%20file%20manually.%0A%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_env.so%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_faildelay.so%20delay%3D2000000%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_fprintd.so%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%5Bdefault%3D1%20ignore%3Dignore%20success%3Dok%5D%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_succeed_if.so%20uid%20%3E%3D%201000%20quiet%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%5Bdefault%3D1%20ignore%3Dignore%20success%3Dok%5D%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_localuser.so%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_unix.so%20try_first_pass%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20requisite%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_succeed_if.so%20uid%20%3E%3D%201000%20quiet_success%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_sss.so%20forward_pass%0Aauth%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_deny.so%0A%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_unix.so%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_localuser.so%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_succeed_if.so%20uid%20%3C%201000%20quiet%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20%5Bdefault%3Dbad%20success%3Dok%20user_unknown%3Dignore%5D%20pam_sss.so%0Aaccount%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_permit.so%0A%0Apassword%20%20%20%20requisite%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_pwquality.so%20try_first_pass%20local_users_only%0Apassword%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_unix.so%20sha512%20shadow%20try_first_pass%20use_authtok%0Apassword%20%20%20%20sufficient%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_sss.so%20use_authtok%0Apassword%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_deny.so%0A%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20optional%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_keyinit.so%20revoke%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_limits.so%0A-session%20%20%20%20optional%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_systemd.so%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20%5Bsuccess%3D1%20default%3Dignore%5D%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_succeed_if.so%20service%20in%20crond%20quiet%20use_uid%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20required%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_unix.so%0Asession%20%20%20%20%20optional%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20pam_sss.so%0A
        mode: 0644
        path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
        overwrite: true

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Strategy:configure
- name: Check if system relies on authselect
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /usr/bin/authselect
  register: result_authselect_present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-80841-0
    - CJIS-5.5.2
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-020331
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
    - configure_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_empty_passwords
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Check integrity of authselect current profile
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: authselect check
  register: result_authselect_check_cmd
  changed_when: false
  ignore_errors: true
  when:
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
    - CCE-80841-0
    - CJIS-5.5.2
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-020331
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
    - configure_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_empty_passwords
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Get authselect current features
  ansible.builtin.shell:
    cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
  register: result_authselect_features
  changed_when: false
  when:
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
  tags:
    - CCE-80841-0
    - CJIS-5.5.2
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-020331
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
    - configure_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_empty_passwords
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure nullok property is absent via authselect tool
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: authselect enable-feature without-nullok
  register: result_authselect_cmd
  when:
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
    - result_authselect_features.stdout is not search("without-nullok")
  tags:
    - CCE-80841-0
    - CJIS-5.5.2
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-020331
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
    - configure_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_empty_passwords
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Informative message based on the authselect integrity check result
  ansible.builtin.assert:
    that:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
    fail_msg:
      - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
      - This remediation could not be applied because the authselect profile is not
        intact.
      - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect is available
      - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand,
        a custom authselect profile is recommended.
    success_msg:
      - authselect integrity check passed
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-80841-0
    - CJIS-5.5.2
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-020331
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
    - configure_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_empty_passwords
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure nullok property is absent by directly editing pam files
  replace:
    dest: '{{ item }}'
    regexp: nullok
  loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
  when:
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
    - not result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
    - CCE-80841-0
    - CJIS-5.5.2
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-020331
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
    - configure_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_empty_passwords
    - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

SYSTEM_AUTH="/etc/pam.d/system-auth"
PASSWORD_AUTH="/etc/pam.d/password-auth"
if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
    if authselect check; then
        authselect enable-feature without-nullok
        authselect apply-changes
    else
        echo "
authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
This remediation could not be applied because the authselect profile is not intact.
It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect is available
In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        false
    fi
else
    sed --follow-symlinks -i 's/\<nullok\>//g' $SYSTEM_AUTH
    sed --follow-symlinks -i 's/\<nullok\>//g' $PASSWORD_AUTH
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Secure Session Configuration Files for Login Accounts   Group contains 1 group and 1 rule
[ref]   When a user logs into a Unix account, the system configures the user's session by reading a number of files. Many of these files are located in the user's home directory, and may have weak permissions as a result of user error or misconfiguration. If an attacker can modify or even read certain types of account configuration information, they can often gain full access to the affected user's account. Therefore, it is important to test and correct configuration file permissions for interactive accounts, particularly those of privileged users such as root or system administrators.
Group   Ensure that No Dangerous Directories Exist in Root's Path   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The active path of the root account can be obtained by starting a new root shell and running:
# echo $PATH
This will produce a colon-separated list of directories in the path.

Certain path elements could be considered dangerous, as they could lead to root executing unknown or untrusted programs, which could contain malicious code. Since root may sometimes work inside untrusted directories, the . character, which represents the current directory, should never be in the root path, nor should any directory which can be written to by an unprivileged or semi-privileged (system) user.

It is a good practice for administrators to always execute privileged commands by typing the full path to the command.

Rule   Ensure that Root's Path Does Not Include World or Group-Writable Directories   [ref]

For each element in root's path, run:
# ls -ld DIR
and ensure that write permissions are disabled for group and other.
Rationale:
Such entries increase the risk that root could execute code provided by unprivileged users, and potentially malicious code.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_root_path_dirs_no_write
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80672-9

References:  11, 3, 9, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, CCI-000366, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, SR 7.6, A.12.1.2, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, CM-6(a), CM-6(a), PR.IP-1, 6.2.3


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Strategy:restrict
- name: Print error message if user is not root
  fail:
    msg: Root account required to read root $PATH
  when: ansible_env.USER != "root"
  ignore_errors: true
  tags:
    - CCE-80672-9
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - accounts_root_path_dirs_no_write
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Get root paths which are not symbolic links
  stat:
    path: '{{ item }}'
  changed_when: false
  failed_when: false
  register: root_paths
  with_items: '{{ ansible_env.PATH.split('':'') }}'
  when: ansible_env.USER == "root"
  tags:
    - CCE-80672-9
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - accounts_root_path_dirs_no_write
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Disable writability to root directories
  file:
    path: '{{ item.item }}'
    mode: g-w,o-w
  with_items: '{{ root_paths.results }}'
  when:
    - root_paths.results is defined
    - item.stat.exists
    - not item.stat.islnk
  tags:
    - CCE-80672-9
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - accounts_root_path_dirs_no_write
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
Group   System Accounting with auditd   Group contains 7 groups and 27 rules
[ref]   The audit service provides substantial capabilities for recording system activities. By default, the service audits about SELinux AVC denials and certain types of security-relevant events such as system logins, account modifications, and authentication events performed by programs such as sudo. Under its default configuration, auditd has modest disk space requirements, and should not noticeably impact system performance.

NOTE: The Linux Audit daemon auditd can be configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules files (*.rules) located in /etc/audit/rules.d location and compile them to create the resulting form of the /etc/audit/audit.rules configuration file during the daemon startup (default configuration). Alternatively, the auditd daemon can use the auditctl utility to read audit rules from the /etc/audit/audit.rules configuration file during daemon startup, and load them into the kernel. The expected behavior is configured via the appropriate ExecStartPost directive setting in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. To instruct the auditd daemon to use the augenrules program to read audit rules (default configuration), use the following setting:
ExecStartPost=-/sbin/augenrules --load
in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. In order to instruct the auditd daemon to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules, use the following setting:
ExecStartPost=-/sbin/auditctl -R /etc/audit/audit.rules
in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. Refer to [Service] section of the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file for further details.

Government networks often have substantial auditing requirements and auditd can be configured to meet these requirements. Examining some example audit records demonstrates how the Linux audit system satisfies common requirements. The following example from Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Documentation available at https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/red_hat_enterprise_linux/7/html-single/selinux_users_and_administrators_guide/index#sect-Security-Enhanced_Linux-Fixing_Problems-Raw_Audit_Messages shows the substantial amount of information captured in a two typical "raw" audit messages, followed by a breakdown of the most important fields. In this example the message is SELinux-related and reports an AVC denial (and the associated system call) that occurred when the Apache HTTP Server attempted to access the /var/www/html/file1 file (labeled with the samba_share_t type):
type=AVC msg=audit(1226874073.147:96): avc:  denied  { getattr } for pid=2465 comm="httpd"
path="/var/www/html/file1" dev=dm-0 ino=284133 scontext=unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0
tcontext=unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0 tclass=file

type=SYSCALL msg=audit(1226874073.147:96): arch=40000003 syscall=196 success=no exit=-13
a0=b98df198 a1=bfec85dc a2=54dff4 a3=2008171 items=0 ppid=2463 pid=2465 auid=502 uid=48
gid=48 euid=48 suid=48 fsuid=48 egid=48 sgid=48 fsgid=48 tty=(none) ses=6 comm="httpd"
exe="/usr/sbin/httpd" subj=unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0 key=(null)
  • msg=audit(1226874073.147:96)
    • The number in parentheses is the unformatted time stamp (Epoch time) for the event, which can be converted to standard time by using the date command.
  • { getattr }
    • The item in braces indicates the permission that was denied. getattr indicates the source process was trying to read the target file's status information. This occurs before reading files. This action is denied due to the file being accessed having the wrong label. Commonly seen permissions include getattr, read, and write.
  • comm="httpd"
    • The executable that launched the process. The full path of the executable is found in the exe= section of the system call (SYSCALL) message, which in this case, is exe="/usr/sbin/httpd".
  • path="/var/www/html/file1"
    • The path to the object (target) the process attempted to access.
  • scontext="unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0"
    • The SELinux context of the process that attempted the denied action. In this case, it is the SELinux context of the Apache HTTP Server, which is running in the httpd_t domain.
  • tcontext="unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0"
    • The SELinux context of the object (target) the process attempted to access. In this case, it is the SELinux context of file1. Note: the samba_share_t type is not accessible to processes running in the httpd_t domain.
  • From the system call (SYSCALL) message, two items are of interest:
    • success=no: indicates whether the denial (AVC) was enforced or not. success=no indicates the system call was not successful (SELinux denied access). success=yes indicates the system call was successful - this can be seen for permissive domains or unconfined domains, such as initrc_t and kernel_t.
    • exe="/usr/sbin/httpd": the full path to the executable that launched the process, which in this case, is exe="/usr/sbin/httpd".
Group   Configure auditd Rules for Comprehensive Auditing   Group contains 6 groups and 27 rules
[ref]   The auditd program can perform comprehensive monitoring of system activity. This section describes recommended configuration settings for comprehensive auditing, but a full description of the auditing system's capabilities is beyond the scope of this guide. The mailing list linux-audit@redhat.com exists to facilitate community discussion of the auditing system.

The audit subsystem supports extensive collection of events, including:
  • Tracing of arbitrary system calls (identified by name or number) on entry or exit.
  • Filtering by PID, UID, call success, system call argument (with some limitations), etc.
  • Monitoring of specific files for modifications to the file's contents or metadata.

Auditing rules at startup are controlled by the file /etc/audit/audit.rules. Add rules to it to meet the auditing requirements for your organization. Each line in /etc/audit/audit.rules represents a series of arguments that can be passed to auditctl and can be individually tested during runtime. See documentation in /usr/share/doc/audit-VERSION and in the related man pages for more details.

If copying any example audit rulesets from /usr/share/doc/audit-VERSION, be sure to comment out the lines containing arch= which are not appropriate for your system's architecture. Then review and understand the following rules, ensuring rules are activated as needed for the appropriate architecture.

After reviewing all the rules, reading the following sections, and editing as needed, the new rules can be activated as follows:
$ sudo service auditd restart
Group   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls   Group contains 13 rules
[ref]   At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. Note that the "-F arch=b32" lines should be present even on a 64 bit system. These commands identify system calls for auditing. Even if the system is 64 bit it can still execute 32 bit system calls. Additionally, these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. An example of this is that the "-S" calls could be split up and placed on separate lines, however, this is less efficient. Add the following to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown,fchown,fchownat,lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If your system is 64 bit then these lines should be duplicated and the arch=b32 replaced with arch=b64 as follows:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown,fchown,fchownat,lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - chmod   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80685-1

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030490, 4.1.9, SV-230456r810462_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80685-1
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit chmod tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80685-1
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for chmod for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - chmod
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of chmod in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - chmod
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of chmod in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80685-1
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for chmod for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - chmod
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of chmod in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - chmod
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of chmod in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80685-1
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="chmod"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chmod fchmod fchmodat"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - chown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80686-9

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030480, 4.1.9, SV-230455r810459_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80686-9
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit chown tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80686-9
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for chown for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - chown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of chown in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - chown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of chown in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80686-9
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for chown for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - chown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of chown in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - chown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of chown in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80686-9
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="chown"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chown fchown fchownat lchown"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchmod   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80687-7

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030490, 4.1.9, SV-230456r810462_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80687-7
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit fchmod tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80687-7
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchmod for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchmod
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of fchmod in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchmod
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of fchmod in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80687-7
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchmod for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchmod
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of fchmod in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchmod
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of fchmod in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80687-7
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="fchmod"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chmod fchmod fchmodat"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchmodat   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80688-5

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030490, 4.1.9, SV-230456r810462_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80688-5
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit fchmodat tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80688-5
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchmodat for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchmodat
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of fchmodat in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchmodat
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of fchmodat in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80688-5
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchmodat for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchmodat
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of fchmodat in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchmodat
        syscall_grouping:
          - chmod
          - fchmod
          - fchmodat

    - name: Check existence of fchmodat in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80688-5
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="fchmodat"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chmod fchmod fchmodat"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80689-3

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030480, 4.1.9, SV-230455r810459_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80689-3
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit fchown tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80689-3
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchown for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of fchown in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of fchown in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80689-3
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchown for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of fchown in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of fchown in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80689-3
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="fchown"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chown fchown fchownat lchown"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchownat   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80690-1

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030480, 4.1.9, SV-230455r810459_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80690-1
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit fchownat tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80690-1
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchownat for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchownat
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of fchownat in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchownat
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of fchownat in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80690-1
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchownat for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchownat
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of fchownat in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fchownat
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of fchownat in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80690-1
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="fchownat"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chown fchown fchownat lchown"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fremovexattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root.

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fremovexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fremovexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod


If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fremovexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fremovexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80691-9

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030200, 4.1.9, SV-230413r810463_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80691-9
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit fremovexattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80691-9
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fremovexattr for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fremovexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fremovexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fremovexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fremovexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80691-9
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fremovexattr for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fremovexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fremovexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fremovexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fremovexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80691-9
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="fremovexattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done



for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid=0"
	SYSCALL="fremovexattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fsetxattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80692-7

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030200, 4.1.9, SV-230413r810463_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80692-7
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit fsetxattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80692-7
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fsetxattr for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fsetxattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fsetxattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fsetxattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fsetxattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80692-7
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fsetxattr for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fsetxattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fsetxattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fsetxattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - fsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of fsetxattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80692-7
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="fsetxattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done



for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid=0"
	SYSCALL="fsetxattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - lchown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80693-5

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030480, 4.1.9, SV-230455r810459_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80693-5
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit lchown tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80693-5
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for lchown for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lchown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of lchown in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lchown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of lchown in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80693-5
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for lchown for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lchown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of lchown in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lchown
        syscall_grouping:
          - chown
          - fchown
          - fchownat
          - lchown

    - name: Check existence of lchown in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80693-5
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030480
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="lchown"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chown fchown fchownat lchown"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - lremovexattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root.

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lremovexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lremovexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod


If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lremovexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lremovexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80694-3

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030200, 4.1.9, SV-230413r810463_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80694-3
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit lremovexattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80694-3
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for lremovexattr for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lremovexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lremovexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lremovexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lremovexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80694-3
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for lremovexattr for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lremovexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lremovexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lremovexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lremovexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lremovexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80694-3
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="lremovexattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done



for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid=0"
	SYSCALL="lremovexattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - lsetxattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lsetxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lsetxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lsetxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lsetxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80695-0

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030200, 4.1.9, SV-230413r810463_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80695-0
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit lsetxattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80695-0
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for lsetxattr for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lsetxattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lsetxattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lsetxattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lsetxattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80695-0
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for lsetxattr for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lsetxattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lsetxattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lsetxattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - lsetxattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of lsetxattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80695-0
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="lsetxattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done



for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid=0"
	SYSCALL="lsetxattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - removexattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root.

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S removexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S removexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod


If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S removexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S removexattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80696-8

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030200, 4.1.9, SV-230413r810463_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80696-8
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit removexattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80696-8
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for removexattr for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - removexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of removexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - removexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of removexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - removexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of removexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - removexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of removexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80696-8
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for removexattr for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - removexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of removexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - removexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of removexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
          |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
          -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - removexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of removexattr in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Reset syscalls found per file
      set_fact:
        syscalls_per_file: {}
        found_paths_dict: {}

    - name: Declare syscalls found per file
      set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
        :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

    - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
      set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
        | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

    - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
      set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
        0) }) }}"
      loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
        | list }}'

    - name: Get path with most syscalls
      set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
        | last).key }}"
      when: found_paths | length >= 1

    - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
      when: found_paths | length == 0

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0

    - name: Declare list of syscalls
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - removexattr
        syscall_grouping:
          - fremovexattr
          - lremovexattr
          - removexattr
          - fsetxattr
          - lsetxattr
          - setxattr

    - name: Check existence of removexattr in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+((
          -S |,)\w+)* -F auid=0 (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: find_command
      loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

    - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

    - name: Declare found syscalls
      set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') |
        map(attribute='item') | list }}"

    - name: Declare missing syscalls
      set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

    - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found
          | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid=0 (?:-k |-F key=)\w+)
        line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
        backrefs: true
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

    - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
      lineinfile:
        path: '{{ audit_file }}'
        line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid=0 -F
          key=perm_mod
        create: true
        mode: o-rwx
        state: present
      when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
    - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
    - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
    - CCE-80696-8
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="removexattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done



for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid=0"
	SYSCALL="removexattr"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="fremovexattr lremovexattr removexattr fsetxattr lsetxattr setxattr"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()



# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - setxattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr -F auid=0 -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-80697-6

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, RHEL-08-030200, 4.1.9, SV-230413r810463_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-80697-6
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit setxattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-80697-6
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-RHEL-08-030200
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_se