Guide to the Secure Configuration of SUSE Linux Enterprise 15

with profile Standard System Security Profile for SUSE Linux Enterprise 15
This profile contains rules to ensure standard security baseline of a SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 system based off of the SUSE Hardening Guide. Regardless of your system's workload all of these checks should pass.
This guide presents a catalog of security-relevant configuration settings for SUSE Linux Enterprise 15. It is a rendering of content structured in the eXtensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) in order to support security automation. The SCAP content is is available in the scap-security-guide package which is developed at https://www.open-scap.org/security-policies/scap-security-guide.

Providing system administrators with such guidance informs them how to securely configure systems under their control in a variety of network roles. Policy makers and baseline creators can use this catalog of settings, with its associated references to higher-level security control catalogs, in order to assist them in security baseline creation. This guide is a catalog, not a checklist, and satisfaction of every item is not likely to be possible or sensible in many operational scenarios. However, the XCCDF format enables granular selection and adjustment of settings, and their association with OVAL and OCIL content provides an automated checking capability. Transformations of this document, and its associated automated checking content, are capable of providing baselines that meet a diverse set of policy objectives. Some example XCCDF Profiles, which are selections of items that form checklists and can be used as baselines, are available with this guide. They can be processed, in an automated fashion, with tools that support the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). The DISA STIG, which provides required settings for US Department of Defense systems, is one example of a baseline created from this guidance.
Do not attempt to implement any of the settings in this guide without first testing them in a non-operational environment. The creators of this guidance assume no responsibility whatsoever for its use by other parties, and makes no guarantees, expressed or implied, about its quality, reliability, or any other characteristic.

Profile Information

Profile TitleStandard System Security Profile for SUSE Linux Enterprise 15
Profile IDxccdf_org.ssgproject.content_profile_standard

CPE Platforms

  • cpe:/o:suse:linux_enterprise_server:15
  • cpe:/o:suse:linux_enterprise_desktop:15

Revision History

Current version: 0.1.55

  • draft (as of 2021-03-19)

Table of Contents

  1. System Settings
    1. Installing and Maintaining Software
    2. Account and Access Control
    3. System Accounting with auditd
    4. Network Configuration and Firewalls
    5. File Permissions and Masks
    6. Configure Syslog
  2. Services
    1. Cron and At Daemons
    2. SSH Server
    3. Network Time Protocol
    4. Web Server
    5. Deprecated services

Checklist

Group   Guide to the Secure Configuration of SUSE Linux Enterprise 15   Group contains 45 groups and 119 rules
Group   System Settings   Group contains 36 groups and 99 rules
[ref]   Contains rules that check correct system settings.
Group   Installing and Maintaining Software   Group contains 4 groups and 7 rules
[ref]   The following sections contain information on security-relevant choices during the initial operating system installation process and the setup of software updates.
Group   System and Software Integrity   Group contains 1 group and 1 rule
[ref]   System and software integrity can be gained by installing antivirus, increasing system encryption strength with FIPS, verifying installed software, enabling SELinux, installing an Intrusion Prevention System, etc. However, installing or enabling integrity checking tools cannot prevent intrusions, but they can detect that an intrusion may have occurred. Requirements for integrity checking may be highly dependent on the environment in which the system will be used. Snapshot-based approaches such as AIDE may induce considerable overhead in the presence of frequent software updates.
Group   Operating System Vendor Support and Certification   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The assurance of a vendor to provide operating system support and maintenance for their product is an important criterion to ensure product stability and security over the life of the product. A certified product that follows the necessary standards and government certification requirements guarantees that known software vulnerabilities will be remediated, and proper guidance for protecting and securing the operating system will be given.

Rule   The Installed Operating System Is Vendor Supported   [ref]

The installed operating system must be maintained by a vendor. SUSE Linux Enterprise is supported by SUSE. As the SUSE Linux Enterprise vendor, SUSE is responsible for providing security patches.
Warning:  There is no remediation besides switching to a different operating system.
Rationale:
An operating system is considered "supported" if the vendor continues to provide security patches for the product. With an unsupported release, it will not be possible to resolve any security issue discovered in the system software.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_installed_OS_is_vendor_supported
Identifiers and References

References:  CCI-000366, CM-6(a), MA-6, SA-13(a), ID.RA-1, PR.IP-12, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, 18, 20, 4

Group   Disk Partitioning   Group contains 5 rules
[ref]   To ensure separation and protection of data, there are top-level system directories which should be placed on their own physical partition or logical volume. The installer's default partitioning scheme creates separate logical volumes for /, /boot, and swap.
  • If starting with any of the default layouts, check the box to \"Review and modify partitioning.\" This allows for the easy creation of additional logical volumes inside the volume group already created, though it may require making /'s logical volume smaller to create space. In general, using logical volumes is preferable to using partitions because they can be more easily adjusted later.
  • If creating a custom layout, create the partitions mentioned in the previous paragraph (which the installer will require anyway), as well as separate ones described in the following sections.
If a system has already been installed, and the default partitioning scheme was used, it is possible but nontrivial to modify it to create separate logical volumes for the directories listed above. The Logical Volume Manager (LVM) makes this possible. See the LVM HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/ for more detailed information on LVM.

Rule   Ensure /tmp Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

The /tmp directory is a world-writable directory used for temporary file storage. Ensure it has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
The /tmp partition is used as temporary storage by many programs. Placing /tmp in its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, which can help protect programs which use it.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_tmp
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R12), CCI-000366, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, APO13.01, DSS05.02, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, 12, 15, 8, 1.1.2

Rule   Ensure /var/log Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

System logs are stored in the /var/log directory. Ensure that it has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
Placing /var/log in its own partition enables better separation between log files and other files in /var/.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_log
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R12), BP28(R47), CM-6(a), AU-4, SC-5(2), PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO11.04, APO13.01, BAI03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, 1, 12, 14, 15, 16, 3, 5, 6, 8, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227

Rule   Ensure /var/log/audit Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

Audit logs are stored in the /var/log/audit directory. Ensure that it has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it later using LVM. Make absolutely certain that it is large enough to store all audit logs that will be created by the auditing daemon.
Rationale:
Placing /var/log/audit in its own partition enables better separation between audit files and other files, and helps ensure that auditing cannot be halted due to the partition running out of space.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_log_audit
Identifiers and References

References:  CCI-000366, CCI-001849, 164.312(a)(2)(ii), A.12.1.3, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.17.2.1, CM-6(a), AU-4, SC-5(2), PR.DS-4, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000341-GPOS-00132, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000341-VMM-001220, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO11.04, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI04.04, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, MEA02.01, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 1.1.13, BP28(R43)

Rule   Ensure /home Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

If user home directories will be stored locally, create a separate partition for /home at installation time (or migrate it later using LVM). If /home will be mounted from another system such as an NFS server, then creating a separate partition is not necessary at installation time, and the mountpoint can instead be configured later.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /home is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, and also helps ensure that users cannot trivially fill partitions used for log or audit data storage.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_home
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R12), CCI-000366, CCI-001208, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, APO13.01, DSS05.02, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, 12, 15, 8, 1.1.14

Rule   Ensure /var Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

The /var directory is used by daemons and other system services to store frequently-changing data. Ensure that /var has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /var is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options. This helps protect system services such as daemons or other programs which use it. It is not uncommon for the /var directory to contain world-writable directories installed by other software packages.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R12), CCI-000366, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000341-VMM-001220, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, APO13.01, DSS05.02, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, 12, 15, 8, 1.1.7

Group   Updating Software   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The zypper command line tool is used to install and update software packages. The system also provides a graphical software update tool in the System menu, in the Administration submenu, called Software Update.

SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 systems contain an installed software catalog called the RPM database, which records metadata of installed packages. Consistently using zypper or the graphical Software Update for all software installation allows for insight into the current inventory of installed software on the system.

Rule   Ensure Software Patches Installed   [ref]

If the system is configured for online updates, invoking the following command will list available security updates:
$ sudo zypper refresh && sudo zypper list-patches -g security


NOTE: U.S. Defense systems are required to be patched within 30 days or sooner as local policy dictates.
Rationale:
Installing software updates is a fundamental mitigation against the exploitation of publicly-known vulnerabilities. If the most recent security patches and updates are not installed, unauthorized users may take advantage of weaknesses in the unpatched software. The lack of prompt attention to patching could result in a system compromise.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_security_patches_up_to_date
Identifiers and References

References:  5.10.4.1, CCI-000366, SI-2(5), SI-2(c), CM-6(a), ID.RA-1, PR.IP-12, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-6.2, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000480-VMM-002000, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, 18, 20, 4, BP28(R08)


Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Reboot:true
Strategy:patch
- name: Security patches are up to date
  package:
    name: '*'
    state: latest
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-2(5)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-2(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - high_disruption
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - patch_strategy
    - reboot_required
    - security_patches_up_to_date
    - skip_ansible_lint
Group   Account and Access Control   Group contains 7 groups and 16 rules
[ref]   In traditional Unix security, if an attacker gains shell access to a certain login account, they can perform any action or access any file to which that account has access. Therefore, making it more difficult for unauthorized people to gain shell access to accounts, particularly to privileged accounts, is a necessary part of securing a system. This section introduces mechanisms for restricting access to accounts under SUSE Linux Enterprise 15.
Group   Protect Accounts by Configuring PAM   Group contains 3 groups and 11 rules
[ref]   PAM, or Pluggable Authentication Modules, is a system which implements modular authentication for Linux programs. PAM provides a flexible and configurable architecture for authentication, and it should be configured to minimize exposure to unnecessary risk. This section contains guidance on how to accomplish that.

PAM is implemented as a set of shared objects which are loaded and invoked whenever an application wishes to authenticate a user. Typically, the application must be running as root in order to take advantage of PAM, because PAM's modules often need to be able to access sensitive stores of account information, such as /etc/shadow. Traditional privileged network listeners (e.g. sshd) or SUID programs (e.g. sudo) already meet this requirement. An SUID root application, userhelper, is provided so that programs which are not SUID or privileged themselves can still take advantage of PAM.

PAM looks in the directory /etc/pam.d for application-specific configuration information. For instance, if the program login attempts to authenticate a user, then PAM's libraries follow the instructions in the file /etc/pam.d/login to determine what actions should be taken.

One very important file in /etc/pam.d is /etc/pam.d/system-auth. This file, which is included by many other PAM configuration files, defines 'default' system authentication measures. Modifying this file is a good way to make far-reaching authentication changes, for instance when implementing a centralized authentication service.
Warning:  Be careful when making changes to PAM's configuration files. The syntax for these files is complex, and modifications can have unexpected consequences. The default configurations shipped with applications should be sufficient for most users.
Warning:  Running authconfig or system-config-authentication will re-write the PAM configuration files, destroying any manually made changes and replacing them with a series of system defaults. One reference to the configuration file syntax can be found at http://www.linux-pam.org/Linux-PAM-html/sag-configuration-file.html.
Group   Set Lockouts for Failed Password Attempts   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   The pam_faillock PAM module provides the capability to lock out user accounts after a number of failed login attempts. Its documentation is available in /usr/share/doc/pam-VERSION/txts/README.pam_faillock.

Warning:  Locking out user accounts presents the risk of a denial-of-service attack. The lockout policy must weigh whether the risk of such a denial-of-service attack outweighs the benefits of thwarting password guessing attacks.

Rule   Configure the root Account for Failed Password Attempts   [ref]

To configure the system to lock out the root account after a number of incorrect login attempts using pam_faillock.so, modify the content of both /etc/pam.d/system-auth and /etc/pam.d/password-auth as follows:

  • Modify the following line in the AUTH section to add even_deny_root:
    auth required pam_faillock.so preauth silent even_deny_root deny=3 unlock_time=0 fail_interval=900
  • Modify the following line in the AUTH section to add even_deny_root:
    auth [default=die] pam_faillock.so authfail even_deny_root deny=3 unlock_time=0 fail_interval=900
Rationale:
By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny_root
Identifiers and References

References:  CCI-002238, CM-6(a), AC-7(b), IA-5(c), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, BP28(R18)

Rule   Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts   [ref]

To configure the system to lock out accounts after a number of incorrect login attempts and require an administrator to unlock the account using pam_faillock.so, modify the content of both /etc/pam.d/system-auth and /etc/pam.d/password-auth as follows:

  • add the following line immediately before the pam_unix.so statement in the AUTH section:
    auth required pam_faillock.so preauth silent deny=3 unlock_time=0 fail_interval=900
  • add the following line immediately after the pam_unix.so statement in the AUTH section:
    auth [default=die] pam_faillock.so authfail deny=3 unlock_time=0 fail_interval=900
  • add the following line immediately before the pam_unix.so statement in the ACCOUNT section:
    account required pam_faillock.so
If unlock_time is set to 0, manual intervention by an administrator is required to unlock a user.
Rationale:
Locking out user accounts after a number of incorrect attempts prevents direct password guessing attacks. Ensuring that an administrator is involved in unlocking locked accounts draws appropriate attention to such situations.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
Identifiers and References

References:  5.3.2, 5.5.3, 3.1.8, CCI-000044, CCI-002236, CCI-002237, CCI-002238, CM-6(a), AC-7(b), PR.AC-7, FIA_AFL.1, Req-8.1.7, SRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005, SRG-OS-000329-VMM-001180, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, BP28(R18)

Rule   Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts   [ref]

Utilizing pam_faillock.so, the fail_interval directive configures the system to lock out an account after a number of incorrect login attempts within a specified time period. Modify the content of both /etc/pam.d/system-auth and /etc/pam.d/password-auth as follows:

  • Add the following line immediately before the pam_unix.so statement in the AUTH section:
    auth required pam_faillock.so preauth silent deny=3 unlock_time=0 fail_interval=900
  • Add the following line immediately after the pam_unix.so statement in the AUTH section:
    auth [default=die] pam_faillock.so authfail deny=3 unlock_time=0 fail_interval=900
    
  • Add the following line immediately before the pam_unix.so statement in the ACCOUNT section:
    account required pam_faillock.so
Rationale:
By limiting the number of failed logon attempts the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
Identifiers and References

References:  CCI-000044, CCI-002236, CCI-002237, CCI-002238, CM-6(a), AC-7(a), PR.AC-7, FIA_AFL.1, SRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005, SRG-OS-000021-VMM-000050, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, BP28(R18)

Rule   Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts   [ref]

To configure the system to lock out accounts after a number of incorrect login attempts using pam_faillock.so, modify the content of both /etc/pam.d/system-auth and /etc/pam.d/password-auth as follows:

  • add the following line immediately before the pam_unix.so statement in the AUTH section:
    auth required pam_faillock.so preauth silent deny=3 unlock_time=0 fail_interval=900
  • add the following line immediately after the pam_unix.so statement in the AUTH section:
    auth [default=die] pam_faillock.so authfail deny=3 unlock_time=0 fail_interval=900
  • add the following line immediately before the pam_unix.so statement in the ACCOUNT section:
    account required pam_faillock.so
Rationale:
Locking out user accounts after a number of incorrect attempts prevents direct password guessing attacks.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
Identifiers and References

References:  5.3.2, 5.5.3, 3.1.8, CCI-000044, CCI-002236, CCI-002237, CCI-002238, CM-6(a), AC-7(a), PR.AC-7, FIA_AFL.1, Req-8.1.6, SRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005, SRG-OS-000021-VMM-000050, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, BP28(R18)

Group   Set Password Quality Requirements   Group contains 1 group and 6 rules
[ref]   The default pam_pwquality PAM module provides strength checking for passwords. It performs a number of checks, such as making sure passwords are not similar to dictionary words, are of at least a certain length, are not the previous password reversed, and are not simply a change of case from the previous password. It can also require passwords to be in certain character classes. The pam_pwquality module is the preferred way of configuring password requirements.

The man pages pam_pwquality(8) provide information on the capabilities and configuration of each.
Group   Set Password Quality Requirements with pam_pwquality   Group contains 6 rules
[ref]   The pam_pwquality PAM module can be configured to meet requirements for a variety of policies.

For example, to configure pam_pwquality to require at least one uppercase character, lowercase character, digit, and other (special) character, make sure that pam_pwquality exists in /etc/pam.d/system-auth:
password    requisite     pam_pwquality.so try_first_pass local_users_only retry=3 authtok_type=
If no such line exists, add one as the first line of the password section in /etc/pam.d/system-auth. Next, modify the settings in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to match the following:
difok = 4
minlen = 14
dcredit = -1
ucredit = -1
lcredit = -1
ocredit = -1
maxrepeat = 3
The arguments can be modified to ensure compliance with your organization's security policy. Discussion of each parameter follows.

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Lowercase Characters   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's lcredit parameter controls requirements for usage of lowercase letters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many lowercase characters. When set to a positive number, pam_pwquality will grant +1 additional length credit for each lowercase character. Modify the lcredit setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to require the use of a lowercase character in passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.

Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possble combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Requiring a minimum number of lowercase characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
Identifiers and References

References:  CCI-000193, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000070-GPOS-00038, SRG-OS-000070-VMM-000370, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, BP28(R18)

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Digit Characters   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's dcredit parameter controls requirements for usage of digits in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many digits. When set to a positive number, pam_pwquality will grant +1 additional length credit for each digit. Modify the dcredit setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to require the use of a digit in passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.

Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Requiring digits makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
Identifiers and References

References:  6.3.2, CCI-000194, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000071-GPOS-00039, SRG-OS-000071-VMM-000380, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, BP28(R18)

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Authentication Retry Prompts Permitted Per-Session   [ref]

To configure the number of retry prompts that are permitted per-session: Edit the pam_pwquality.so statement in /etc/pam.d/system-auth to show retry=3, or a lower value if site policy is more restrictive. The DoD requirement is a maximum of 3 prompts per session.
Rationale:
Setting the password retry prompts that are permitted on a per-session basis to a low value requires some software, such as SSH, to re-connect. This can slow down and draw additional attention to some types of password-guessing attacks. Note that this is different from account lockout, which is provided by the pam_faillock module.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_retry
Identifiers and References

References:  6.3.2, 5.5.3, CCI-000192, CCI-000366, CM-6(a), AC-7(a), IA-5(4), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.IP-1, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00225, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 7.6, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.12.1.2, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 11, 12, 15, 16, 3, 5, 9

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Uppercase Characters   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's ucredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of uppercase letters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many uppercase characters. When set to a positive number, pam_pwquality will grant +1 additional length credit for each uppercase character. Modify the ucredit setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to require the use of an uppercase character in passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources reuiqred to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.

Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
Identifiers and References

References:  6.3.2, CCI-000192, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000069-GPOS-00037, SRG-OS-000069-VMM-000360, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, BP28(R18)

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Length   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's minlen parameter controls requirements for minimum characters required in a password. Add minlen=8 after pam_pwquality to set minimum password length requirements.
Rationale:
The shorter the password, the lower the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password length is one factor of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a password. Use of more characters in a password helps to exponentially increase the time and/or resources required to compromose the password.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_minlen
Identifiers and References

References:  6.3.2, 5.6.2.1.1, CCI-000205, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000078-GPOS-00046, SRG-OS-000072-VMM-000390, SRG-OS-000078-VMM-000450, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, BP28(R18)

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Special Characters   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's ocredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of special (or "other") characters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many special characters. When set to a positive number, pam_pwquality will grant +1 additional length credit for each special character. Modify the ocredit setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to equal -1 to require use of a special character in passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.

Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possble combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Requiring a minimum number of special characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
Identifiers and References

References:  CCI-001619, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000266-GPOS-00101, SRG-OS-000266-VMM-000940, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, BP28(R18)

Group   Protect Accounts by Restricting Password-Based Login   Group contains 1 group and 1 rule
[ref]   Conventionally, Unix shell accounts are accessed by providing a username and password to a login program, which tests these values for correctness using the /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow files. Password-based login is vulnerable to guessing of weak passwords, and to sniffing and man-in-the-middle attacks against passwords entered over a network or at an insecure console. Therefore, mechanisms for accessing accounts by entering usernames and passwords should be restricted to those which are operationally necessary.
Group   Set Password Expiration Parameters   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The file /etc/login.defs controls several password-related settings. Programs such as passwd, su, and login consult /etc/login.defs to determine behavior with regard to password aging, expiration warnings, and length. See the man page login.defs(5) for more information.

Users should be forced to change their passwords, in order to decrease the utility of compromised passwords. However, the need to change passwords often should be balanced against the risk that users will reuse or write down passwords if forced to change them too often. Forcing password changes every 90-360 days, depending on the environment, is recommended. Set the appropriate value as PASS_MAX_DAYS and apply it to existing accounts with the -M flag.

The PASS_MIN_DAYS (-m) setting prevents password changes for 7 days after the first change, to discourage password cycling. If you use this setting, train users to contact an administrator for an emergency password change in case a new password becomes compromised. The PASS_WARN_AGE (-W) setting gives users 7 days of warnings at login time that their passwords are about to expire.

For example, for each existing human user USER, expiration parameters could be adjusted to a 180 day maximum password age, 7 day minimum password age, and 7 day warning period with the following command:
$ sudo chage -M 180 -m 7 -W 7 USER
Group   Secure Session Configuration Files for Login Accounts   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   When a user logs into a Unix account, the system configures the user's session by reading a number of files. Many of these files are located in the user's home directory, and may have weak permissions as a result of user error or misconfiguration. If an attacker can modify or even read certain types of account configuration information, they can often gain full access to the affected user's account. Therefore, it is important to test and correct configuration file permissions for interactive accounts, particularly those of privileged users such as root or system administrators.

Rule   Ensure the Logon Failure Delay is Set Correctly in login.defs   [ref]

To ensure the logon failure delay controlled by /etc/login.defs is set properly, add or correct the FAIL_DELAY setting in /etc/login.defs to read as follows:
FAIL_DELAY 4
Rationale:
Increasing the time between a failed authentication attempt and re-prompting to enter credentials helps to slow a single-threaded brute force attack.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_logon_fail_delay
Identifiers and References

References:  CCI-000366, AC-7(b), CM-6(a), PR.IP-1, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00226, SR 7.6, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, A.12.1.2, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, 11, 3, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - accounts_logon_fail_delay
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_fail_delay # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_fail_delay: !!str 4
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set accounts logon fail delay
  lineinfile:
    dest: /etc/login.defs
    regexp: ^FAIL_DELAY
    line: FAIL_DELAY {{ var_accounts_fail_delay }}
    create: true
  when: '"login" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - accounts_logon_fail_delay
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Set Interactive Session Timeout   [ref]

Setting the TMOUT option in /etc/profile ensures that all user sessions will terminate based on inactivity. The TMOUT setting in /etc/profile should read as follows:
TMOUT=600
Rationale:
Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_tmout
Identifiers and References

References:  3.1.11, CCI-002361, CCI-001133, AC-12, SC-10, AC-2(5), CM-6(a), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000163-GPOS-00072, SRG-OS-000029-GPOS-00010, SRG-OS-000163-VMM-000700, SRG-OS-000279-VMM-001010, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, BP28(R29)

Group   System Accounting with auditd   Group contains 7 groups and 34 rules
[ref]   The audit service provides substantial capabilities for recording system activities. By default, the service audits about SELinux AVC denials and certain types of security-relevant events such as system logins, account modifications, and authentication events performed by programs such as sudo. Under its default configuration, auditd has modest disk space requirements, and should not noticeably impact system performance.

NOTE: The Linux Audit daemon auditd can be configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules files (*.rules) located in /etc/audit/rules.d location and compile them to create the resulting form of the /etc/audit/audit.rules configuration file during the daemon startup (default configuration). Alternatively, the auditd daemon can use the auditctl utility to read audit rules from the /etc/audit/audit.rules configuration file during daemon startup, and load them into the kernel. The expected behavior is configured via the appropriate ExecStartPost directive setting in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. To instruct the auditd daemon to use the augenrules program to read audit rules (default configuration), use the following setting:
ExecStartPost=-/sbin/augenrules --load
in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. In order to instruct the auditd daemon to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules, use the following setting:
ExecStartPost=-/sbin/auditctl -R /etc/audit/audit.rules
in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. Refer to [Service] section of the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file for further details.

Government networks often have substantial auditing requirements and auditd can be configured to meet these requirements. Examining some example audit records demonstrates how the Linux audit system satisfies common requirements. The following example from Fedora Documentation available at https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-US/Red_Hat_Enterprise_Linux/7/html/SELinux_Users_and_Administrators_Guide/sect-Security-Enhanced_Linux-Troubleshooting-Fixing_Problems.html#sect-Security-Enhanced_Linux-Fixing_Problems-Raw_Audit_Messages shows the substantial amount of information captured in a two typical "raw" audit messages, followed by a breakdown of the most important fields. In this example the message is SELinux-related and reports an AVC denial (and the associated system call) that occurred when the Apache HTTP Server attempted to access the /var/www/html/file1 file (labeled with the samba_share_t type):
type=AVC msg=audit(1226874073.147:96): avc:  denied  { getattr } for pid=2465 comm="httpd"
path="/var/www/html/file1" dev=dm-0 ino=284133 scontext=unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0
tcontext=unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0 tclass=file

type=SYSCALL msg=audit(1226874073.147:96): arch=40000003 syscall=196 success=no exit=-13
a0=b98df198 a1=bfec85dc a2=54dff4 a3=2008171 items=0 ppid=2463 pid=2465 auid=502 uid=48
gid=48 euid=48 suid=48 fsuid=48 egid=48 sgid=48 fsgid=48 tty=(none) ses=6 comm="httpd"
exe="/usr/sbin/httpd" subj=unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0 key=(null)
  • msg=audit(1226874073.147:96)
    • The number in parentheses is the unformatted time stamp (Epoch time) for the event, which can be converted to standard time by using the date command.
  • { getattr }
    • The item in braces indicates the permission that was denied. getattr indicates the source process was trying to read the target file's status information. This occurs before reading files. This action is denied due to the file being accessed having the wrong label. Commonly seen permissions include getattr, read, and write.
  • comm="httpd"
    • The executable that launched the process. The full path of the executable is found in the exe= section of the system call (SYSCALL) message, which in this case, is exe="/usr/sbin/httpd".
  • path="/var/www/html/file1"
    • The path to the object (target) the process attempted to access.
  • scontext="unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0"
    • The SELinux context of the process that attempted the denied action. In this case, it is the SELinux context of the Apache HTTP Server, which is running in the httpd_t domain.
  • tcontext="unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0"
    • The SELinux context of the object (target) the process attempted to access. In this case, it is the SELinux context of file1. Note: the samba_share_t type is not accessible to processes running in the httpd_t domain.
  • From the system call (SYSCALL) message, two items are of interest:
    • success=no: indicates whether the denial (AVC) was enforced or not. success=no indicates the system call was not successful (SELinux denied access). success=yes indicates the system call was successful - this can be seen for permissive domains or unconfined domains, such as initrc_t and kernel_t.
    • exe="/usr/sbin/httpd": the full path to the executable that launched the process, which in this case, is exe="/usr/sbin/httpd".
Group   Configure auditd Rules for Comprehensive Auditing   Group contains 6 groups and 32 rules
[ref]   The auditd program can perform comprehensive monitoring of system activity. This section describes recommended configuration settings for comprehensive auditing, but a full description of the auditing system's capabilities is beyond the scope of this guide. The mailing list linux-audit@redhat.com exists to facilitate community discussion of the auditing system.

The audit subsystem supports extensive collection of events, including:
  • Tracing of arbitrary system calls (identified by name or number) on entry or exit.
  • Filtering by PID, UID, call success, system call argument (with some limitations), etc.
  • Monitoring of specific files for modifications to the file's contents or metadata.

Auditing rules at startup are controlled by the file /etc/audit/audit.rules. Add rules to it to meet the auditing requirements for your organization. Each line in /etc/audit/audit.rules represents a series of arguments that can be passed to auditctl and can be individually tested during runtime. See documentation in /usr/share/doc/audit-VERSION and in the related man pages for more details.

If copying any example audit rulesets from /usr/share/doc/audit-VERSION, be sure to comment out the lines containing arch= which are not appropriate for your system's architecture. Then review and understand the following rules, ensuring rules are activated as needed for the appropriate architecture.

After reviewing all the rules, reading the following sections, and editing as needed, the new rules can be activated as follows:
$ sudo service auditd restart
Group   Records Events that Modify Date and Time Information   Group contains 5 rules
[ref]   Arbitrary changes to the system time can be used to obfuscate nefarious activities in log files, as well as to confuse network services that are highly dependent upon an accurate system time. All changes to the system time should be audited.

Rule   Record Attempts to Alter Time Through stime   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d for both 32 bit and 64 bit systems:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S stime -F key=audit_time_rules
Since the 64 bit version of the "stime" system call is not defined in the audit lookup table, the corresponding "-F arch=b64" form of this rule is not expected to be defined on 64 bit systems (the aforementioned "-F arch=b32" stime rule form itself is sufficient for both 32 bit and 64 bit systems). If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file for both 32 bit and 64 bit systems:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S stime -F key=audit_time_rules
Since the 64 bit version of the "stime" system call is not defined in the audit lookup table, the corresponding "-F arch=b64" form of this rule is not expected to be defined on 64 bit systems (the aforementioned "-F arch=b32" stime rule form itself is sufficient for both 32 bit and 64 bit systems). The -k option allows for the specification of a key in string form that can be used for better reporting capability through ausearch and aureport. Multiple system calls can be defined on the same line to save space if desired, but is not required. See an example of multiple combined system calls:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S adjtimex,settimeofday -F key=audit_time_rules
Rationale:
Arbitrary changes to the system time can be used to obfuscate nefarious activities in log files, as well as to confuse network services that are highly dependent upon an accurate system time (such as sshd). All changes to the system time should be audited.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_time_stime
Identifiers and References

References:  5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-001487, CCI-000169, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.4.2.b, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for stime syscall for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - stime

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b32[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_rules_d="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other rules with the key audit_time_rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^.*(?:-F key=|-k\s+)audit_time_rules$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_syscalls_files

    - name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules as the recipient for the
        rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        == 0

    - name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - '{{ find_syscalls_files.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
            }}'
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        > 0

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in {{ all_files[0] }}
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b32"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in {{ all_files[0] }}
          lineinfile:
            path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_rules_d < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - stime

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b32[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_audit_rules="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b32"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in /etc/audit/audit.rules
          lineinfile:
            path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_audit_rules < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_stime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record attempts to alter time through adjtimex   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S adjtimex -F key=audit_time_rules
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S adjtimex -F key=audit_time_rules
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S adjtimex -F key=audit_time_rules
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S adjtimex -F key=audit_time_rules
The -k option allows for the specification of a key in string form that can be used for better reporting capability through ausearch and aureport. Multiple system calls can be defined on the same line to save space if desired, but is not required. See an example of multiple combined syscalls:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S adjtimex,settimeofday -F key=audit_time_rules
Rationale:
Arbitrary changes to the system time can be used to obfuscate nefarious activities in log files, as well as to confuse network services that are highly dependent upon an accurate system time (such as sshd). All changes to the system time should be audited.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_time_adjtimex
Identifiers and References

References:  5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-001487, CCI-000169, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.4.2.b, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_adjtimex
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for adjtimex for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - adjtimex

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b32[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_rules_d="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other rules with the key audit_time_rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^.*(?:-F key=|-k\s+)audit_time_rules$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_syscalls_files

    - name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules as the recipient for the
        rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        == 0

    - name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - '{{ find_syscalls_files.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
            }}'
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        > 0

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in {{ all_files[0] }}
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b32"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in {{ all_files[0] }}
          lineinfile:
            path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_rules_d < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - adjtimex

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b32[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_audit_rules="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b32"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in /etc/audit/audit.rules
          lineinfile:
            path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_audit_rules < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_adjtimex
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for adjtimex for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - adjtimex

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b64[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b64_rules_d
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_rules_d="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_rules_d.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other rules with the key audit_time_rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^.*(?:-F key=|-k\s+)audit_time_rules$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_syscalls_files

    - name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules as the recipient for the
        rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        == 0

    - name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - '{{ find_syscalls_files.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
            }}'
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        > 0

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in {{ all_files[0] }}
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b64"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_rules_d.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in {{ all_files[0] }}
          lineinfile:
            path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_rules_d < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - adjtimex

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b64[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b64_audit_rules
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_audit_rules="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_audit_rules.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b64"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_audit_rules.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in /etc/audit/audit.rules
          lineinfile:
            path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_audit_rules < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls
  when:
    - audit_arch == "b64"
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_adjtimex
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Attempts to Alter Time Through clock_settime   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S clock_settime -F a0=0x0 -F key=time-change
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S clock_settime -F a0=0x0 -F key=time-change
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S clock_settime -F a0=0x0 -F key=time-change
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S clock_settime -F a0=0x0 -F key=time-change
The -k option allows for the specification of a key in string form that can be used for better reporting capability through ausearch and aureport. Multiple system calls can be defined on the same line to save space if desired, but is not required. See an example of multiple combined syscalls:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S adjtimex,settimeofday -F key=audit_time_rules
Rationale:
Arbitrary changes to the system time can be used to obfuscate nefarious activities in log files, as well as to confuse network services that are highly dependent upon an accurate system time (such as sshd). All changes to the system time should be audited.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_time_clock_settime
Identifiers and References

References:  5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-001487, CCI-000169, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.4.2.b, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_clock_settime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for clock_settime for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - clock_settime

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b32[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(?:-F[\s]+a0=0x0[\s]+)(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_rules_d="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other rules with the key time-change
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^.*(?:-F key=|-k\s+)time-change$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_syscalls_files

    - name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/time-change.rules as the recipient for the rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - /etc/audit/rules.d/time-change.rules
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        == 0

    - name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - '{{ find_syscalls_files.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
            }}'
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        > 0

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in {{ all_files[0] }}
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b32"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -F a0=0x0 -k time-change' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in {{ all_files[0] }}
          lineinfile:
            path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_rules_d < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - clock_settime

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b32[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(?:-F[\s]+a0=0x0[\s]+)(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_audit_rules="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b32"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -F a0=0x0 -k time-change' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in /etc/audit/audit.rules
          lineinfile:
            path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_audit_rules < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_clock_settime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for clock_settime for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - clock_settime

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b64[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(?:-F[\s]+a0=0x0[\s]+)(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b64_rules_d
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_rules_d="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_rules_d.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other rules with the key time-change
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^.*(?:-F key=|-k\s+)time-change$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_syscalls_files

    - name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/time-change.rules as the recipient for the rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - /etc/audit/rules.d/time-change.rules
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        == 0

    - name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - '{{ find_syscalls_files.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
            }}'
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        > 0

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in {{ all_files[0] }}
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b64"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_rules_d.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -F a0=0x0 -k time-change' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in {{ all_files[0] }}
          lineinfile:
            path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_rules_d < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - clock_settime

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b64[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(?:-F[\s]+a0=0x0[\s]+)(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b64_audit_rules
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_audit_rules="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_audit_rules.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b64"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_audit_rules.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -F a0=0x0 -k time-change' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in /etc/audit/audit.rules
          lineinfile:
            path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_audit_rules < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls
  when:
    - audit_arch == "b64"
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_clock_settime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record attempts to alter time through settimeofday   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S settimeofday -F key=audit_time_rules
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S settimeofday -F key=audit_time_rules
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S settimeofday -F key=audit_time_rules
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S settimeofday -F key=audit_time_rules
The -k option allows for the specification of a key in string form that can be used for better reporting capability through ausearch and aureport. Multiple system calls can be defined on the same line to save space if desired, but is not required. See an example of multiple combined syscalls:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S adjtimex,settimeofday -F key=audit_time_rules
Rationale:
Arbitrary changes to the system time can be used to obfuscate nefarious activities in log files, as well as to confuse network services that are highly dependent upon an accurate system time (such as sshd). All changes to the system time should be audited.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_time_settimeofday
Identifiers and References

References:  5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-001487, CCI-000169, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.4.2.b, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_settimeofday
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for settimeofday for x86 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - settimeofday

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b32[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_rules_d="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other rules with the key audit_time_rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^.*(?:-F key=|-k\s+)audit_time_rules$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_syscalls_files

    - name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules as the recipient for the
        rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        == 0

    - name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - '{{ find_syscalls_files.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
            }}'
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        > 0

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in {{ all_files[0] }}
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b32"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_rules_d.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in {{ all_files[0] }}
          lineinfile:
            path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_rules_d < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - settimeofday

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b32[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b32 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_audit_rules="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b32"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b32_audit_rules.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in /etc/audit/audit.rules
          lineinfile:
            path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b32_audit_rules < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_settimeofday
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for settimeofday for x86_64 platform
  block:

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - settimeofday

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b64[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b64_rules_d
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/rules.d/
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_rules_d="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_rules_d.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other rules with the key audit_time_rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
        contains: ^.*(?:-F key=|-k\s+)audit_time_rules$
        patterns: '*.rules'
      register: find_syscalls_files

    - name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules as the recipient for the
        rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        == 0

    - name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
      set_fact:
        all_files:
          - '{{ find_syscalls_files.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
            }}'
      when: find_syscalls_files.matched is defined and find_syscalls_files.matched
        > 0

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in {{ all_files[0] }}
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b64"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_rules_d.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in {{ all_files[0] }}
          lineinfile:
            path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_rules_d < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls

    - name: Declare list of syscals
      set_fact:
        syscalls:
          - settimeofday

    - name: Declare number of syscalls
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls="{{ syscalls|length|int }}"

    - name: Check existence of syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      find:
        paths: /etc/audit
        contains: ^[\s]*-a[\s]+always,exit[\s]+(?:.*-F[\s]+arch=b64[\s]+)(?:.*(-S[\s]+{{
          item }}[\s]+|([\s]+|[,]){{ item }}([\s]+|[,]))).*(-k[\s]+|-F[\s]+key=)[\S]+[\s]*$
        patterns: audit.rules
      register: audit_syscalls_found_b64_audit_rules
      loop: '{{ syscalls }}'

    - name: Get number of matched syscalls for architecture b64 in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      set_fact: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_audit_rules="{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_audit_rules.results|sum(attribute='matched')|int
        }}"

    - name: Insert the syscall rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules
      block:

        - name: 'Construct rule: add rule list, action and arch'
          set_fact: tmpline="-a always,exit -F arch=b64"

        - name: 'Construct rule: add syscalls'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -S ' + item.item }}"
          loop: '{{ audit_syscalls_found_b64_audit_rules.results }}'
          when: item.matched is defined and item.matched == 0

        - name: 'Construct rule: add fields and key'
          set_fact: tmpline="{{ tmpline + ' -k audit_time_rules' }}"

        - name: Insert the line in /etc/audit/audit.rules
          lineinfile:
            path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
            line: '{{ tmpline }}'
            create: true
            state: present
      when: audit_syscalls_matched_b64_audit_rules < audit_syscalls_number_of_syscalls
  when:
    - audit_arch == "b64"
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_settimeofday
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Attempts to Alter the localtime File   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-w /etc/localtime -p wa -k audit_time_rules
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-w /etc/localtime -p wa -k audit_time_rules
The -k option allows for the specification of a key in string form that can be used for better reporting capability through ausearch and aureport and should always be used.
Rationale:
Arbitrary changes to the system time can be used to obfuscate nefarious activities in log files, as well as to confuse network services that are highly dependent upon an accurate system time (such as sshd). All changes to the system time should be audited.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_time_watch_localtime
Identifiers and References

References:  5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-001487, CCI-000169, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.4.2.b, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Check if watch rule for /etc/localtime already exists in /etc/audit/rules.d/
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    contains: ^\s*-w\s+/etc/localtime\s+-p\s+wa(\s|$)+
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_existing_watch_rules_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_watch_localtime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other rules with specified key audit_time_rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    contains: ^.*(?:-F key=|-k\s+)audit_time_rules$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_watch_key
  when:
    - find_existing_watch_rules_d.matched is defined and find_existing_watch_rules_d.matched
      == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_watch_localtime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/audit_time_rules.rules
  when:
    - find_watch_key.matched is defined and find_watch_key.matched == 0 and find_existing_watch_rules_d.matched
      is defined and find_existing_watch_rules_d.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_watch_localtime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_watch_key.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_watch_key.matched is defined and find_watch_key.matched > 0 and find_existing_watch_rules_d.matched
      is defined and find_existing_watch_rules_d.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_watch_localtime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Add watch rule for /etc/localtime in /etc/audit/rules.d/
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -w /etc/localtime -p wa -k audit_time_rules
    create: true
  when:
    - find_existing_watch_rules_d.matched is defined and find_existing_watch_rules_d.matched
      == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_watch_localtime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Check if watch rule for /etc/localtime already exists in /etc/audit/audit.rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/
    contains: ^\s*-w\s+/etc/localtime\s+-p\s+wa(\s|$)+
    patterns: audit.rules
  register: find_existing_watch_audit_rules
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_watch_localtime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Add watch rule for /etc/localtime in /etc/audit/audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    line: -w /etc/localtime -p wa -k audit_time_rules
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - find_existing_watch_audit_rules.matched is defined and find_existing_watch_audit_rules.matched
      == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.4.2.b
    - audit_rules_time_watch_localtime
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
Group   Record Unauthorized Access Attempts Events to Files (unsuccessful)   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   At a minimum, the audit system should collect unauthorized file accesses for all users and root. Note that the "-F arch=b32" lines should be present even on a 64 bit system. These commands identify system calls for auditing. Even if the system is 64 bit it can still execute 32 bit system calls. Additionally, these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. An example of this is that the "-S" calls could be split up and placed on separate lines, however, this is less efficient. Add the following to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If your system is 64 bit then these lines should be duplicated and the arch=b32 replaced with arch=b64 as follows:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access

Rule   Record Successful Permission Changes to Files - chmod   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F success=1 -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=successful-perm-change
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F success=1 -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=successful-perm-change
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F success=1 -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=successful-perm-change
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F success=1 -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=successful-perm-change
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
File permission changes could be an indicator of malicious activity on a system. Auditing these events could serve as evidence of potential system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_successful_file_modification_chmod
Identifiers and References

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Unauthorized Access Attempts to Files (unsuccessful)   [ref]

At a minimum the audit system should collect unauthorized file accesses for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
Warning:  This rule checks for multiple syscalls related to unsuccessful file modification; it was written with DISA STIG in mind. Other policies should use a separate rule for each syscall that needs to be checked. For example:
  • audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
  • audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
  • audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
Rationale:
Unsuccessful attempts to access files could be an indicator of malicious activity on a system. Auditing these events could serve as evidence of potential system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.2.4, Req-10.2.1, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0582, 0584, 05885, 0586, 0846, 0957

Group   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls   Group contains 13 rules
[ref]   At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. Note that the "-F arch=b32" lines should be present even on a 64 bit system. These commands identify system calls for auditing. Even if the system is 64 bit it can still execute 32 bit system calls. Additionally, these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. An example of this is that the "-S" calls could be split up and placed on separate lines, however, this is less efficient. Add the following to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown,fchown,fchownat,lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If your system is 64 bit then these lines should be duplicated and the arch=b32 replaced with arch=b64 as follows:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown,fchown,fchownat,lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - setxattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit setxattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_setxattr
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_setxattr.matched is defined and find_setxattr.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_setxattr.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_setxattr.matched is defined and find_setxattr.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the setxattr rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the setxattr rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the setxattr rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the setxattr rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_setxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchmod   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit fchmod tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_fchmod
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_fchmod.matched is defined and find_fchmod.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_fchmod.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_fchmod.matched is defined and find_fchmod.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchmod rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchmod rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchmod rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchmod rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - removexattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root.

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod


If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit removexattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_removexattr
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_removexattr.matched is defined and find_removexattr.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_removexattr.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_removexattr.matched is defined and find_removexattr.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the removexattr rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the removexattr rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the removexattr rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the removexattr rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S removexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_removexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit fchown tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_fchown
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_fchown.matched is defined and find_fchown.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_fchown.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_fchown.matched is defined and find_fchown.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchown rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchown rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchown rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchown rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchmodat   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit fchmodat tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_fchmodat
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_fchmodat.matched is defined and find_fchmodat.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_fchmodat.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_fchmodat.matched is defined and find_fchmodat.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchmodat rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchmodat rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchmodat rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchmodat rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - chown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit chown tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_chown
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_chown.matched is defined and find_chown.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_chown.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_chown.matched is defined and find_chown.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chown rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chown rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chown rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chown rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchownat   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit fchownat tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_fchownat
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_fchownat.matched is defined and find_fchownat.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_fchownat.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_fchownat.matched is defined and find_fchownat.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchownat rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchownat rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchownat rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fchownat rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchownat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - lsetxattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit lsetxattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_lsetxattr
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_lsetxattr.matched is defined and find_lsetxattr.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_lsetxattr.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_lsetxattr.matched is defined and find_lsetxattr.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lsetxattr rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lsetxattr rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lsetxattr rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lsetxattr rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fsetxattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit fsetxattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_fsetxattr
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_fsetxattr.matched is defined and find_fsetxattr.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_fsetxattr.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_fsetxattr.matched is defined and find_fsetxattr.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fsetxattr rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fsetxattr rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fsetxattr rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fsetxattr rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fremovexattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root.

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod


If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit fremovexattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_fremovexattr
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_fremovexattr.matched is defined and find_fremovexattr.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_fremovexattr.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_fremovexattr.matched is defined and find_fremovexattr.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fremovexattr rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fremovexattr rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fremovexattr rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fremovexattr rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - lremovexattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root.

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod


If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod


If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit lremovexattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_lremovexattr
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_lremovexattr.matched is defined and find_lremovexattr.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_lremovexattr.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_lremovexattr.matched is defined and find_lremovexattr.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lremovexattr rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lremovexattr rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lremovexattr rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lremovexattr rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lremovexattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - lchown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit lchown tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_lchown
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_lchown.matched is defined and find_lchown.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_lchown.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_lchown.matched is defined and find_lchown.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lchown rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lchown rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lchown rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lchown rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - chmod   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit chmod tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_chmod
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_chmod.matched is defined and find_chmod.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_chmod.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_chmod.matched is defined and find_chmod.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chmod rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chmod rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chmod rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chmod rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy
Group   Record Information on the Use of Privileged Commands   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root.

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands   [ref]

The audit system should collect information about usage of privileged commands for all users and root. To find the relevant setuid / setgid programs, run the following command for each local partition PART:
$ sudo find PART -xdev -type f -perm -4000 -o -type f -perm -2000 2>/dev/null
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d for each setuid / setgid program on the system, replacing the SETUID_PROG_PATH part with the full path of that setuid / setgid program in the list:
-a always,exit -F path=SETUID_PROG_PATH -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules for each setuid / setgid program on the system, replacing the SETUID_PROG_PATH part with the full path of that setuid / setgid program in the list:
-a always,exit -F path=SETUID_PROG_PATH -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Warning:  This rule checks for multiple syscalls related to privileged commands; it was written with DISA STIG in mind. Other policies should use a separate rule for each syscall that needs to be checked. For example:
  • audit_rules_privileged_commands_su
  • audit_rules_privileged_commands_umount
  • audit_rules_privileged_commands_passwd
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-002234, AC-2(4), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-2, DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, DE.DP-4, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, RS.CO-2, Req-10.2.2, SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 3.9, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.5, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.3.4.5.9, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO08.04, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.05, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.1, A.16.1.2, A.16.1.3, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.1.3, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0582, 0584, 05885, 0586, 0846, 0957

Group   Record File Deletion Events by User   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   At a minimum, the audit system should collect file deletion events for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S rmdir,unlink,unlinkat,rename,renameat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=delete
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S rmdir,unlink,unlinkat,rename,renameat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=delete

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects File Deletion Events by User   [ref]

At a minimum the audit system should collect file deletion events for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S rmdir,unlink,unlinkat,rename,renameat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=delete
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S rmdir,unlink,unlinkat,rename -S renameat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=delete
Warning:  This rule checks for multiple syscalls related to file deletion; it was written with DISA STIG in mind. Other policies should use a separate rule for each syscall that needs to be checked. For example:
  • audit_rules_file_deletion_events_rmdir
  • audit_rules_file_deletion_events_unlink
  • audit_rules_file_deletion_events_unlinkat
Rationale:
Auditing file deletions will create an audit trail for files that are removed from the system. The audit trail could aid in system troubleshooting, as well as, detecting malicious processes that attempt to delete log files to conceal their presence.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_file_deletion_events
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.14, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000366, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.7, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects File Deletion Events by User - rmdir   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file deletion events for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S rmdir -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=delete
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S rmdir -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=delete
Rationale:
Auditing file deletions will create an audit trail for files that are removed from the system. The audit trail could aid in system troubleshooting, as well as, detecting malicious processes that attempt to delete log files to conceal their presence.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_file_deletion_events_rmdir
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.14, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, CCI-000366, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.MA-2, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.7, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000467-GPOS-00211, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000466-VMM-001870, SRG-OS-000468-VMM-001890, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.4, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.1.1, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects File Deletion Events by User - unlinkat   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file deletion events for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S unlinkat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=delete
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S unlinkat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=delete
Rationale:
Auditing file deletions will create an audit trail for files that are removed from the system. The audit trail could aid in system troubleshooting, as well as, detecting malicious processes that attempt to delete log files to conceal their presence.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_file_deletion_events_unlinkat
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.14, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, CCI-000366, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.MA-2, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.7, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000467-GPOS-00211, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000466-VMM-001870, SRG-OS-000468-VMM-001890, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.4, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.1.1, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Group   Record Information on Kernel Modules Loading and Unloading   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   To capture kernel module loading and unloading events, use following lines, setting ARCH to either b32 for 32-bit system, or having two lines for both b32 and b64 in case your system is 64-bit:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S init_module,delete_module -F key=modules
Place to add the lines depends on a way auditd daemon is configured. If it is configured to use the augenrules program (the default), add the lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility, add the lines to file /etc/audit/audit.rules.

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on Kernel Module Loading - init_module   [ref]

To capture kernel module loading events, use following line, setting ARCH to either b32 for 32-bit system, or having two lines for both b32 and b64 in case your system is 64-bit:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S init_module -F key=modules
Place to add the line depends on a way auditd daemon is configured. If it is configured to use the augenrules program (the default), add the line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility, add the line to file /etc/audit/audit.rules.
Rationale:
The addition of kernel modules can be used to alter the behavior of the kernel and potentially introduce malicious code into kernel space. It is important to have an audit trail of modules that have been introduced into the kernel.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.17, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.7, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00216, SRG-OS-000477-GPOS-00222, SRG-OS-000477-VMM-001970, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:configure
- name: Set architecture for audit init_module tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*init_module.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_init_module
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_init_module.matched is defined and find_init_module.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_init_module.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_init_module.matched is defined and find_init_module.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the init_module rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S init_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the init_module rule in rules.d on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S init_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the init_module rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S init_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the init_module rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S init_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on Kernel Module Loading and Unloading - finit_module   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d to capture kernel module loading and unloading events, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S finit_module -F key=modules
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file in order to capture kernel module loading and unloading events, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S finit_module -F key=modules
Rationale:
The addition/removal of kernel modules can be used to alter the behavior of the kernel and potentially introduce malicious code into kernel space. It is important to have an audit trail of modules that have been introduced into the kernel.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.17, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.7, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00216, SRG-OS-000477-GPOS-00222, SRG-OS-000477-VMM-001970, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:configure
- name: Set architecture for audit finit_module tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*finit_module.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_finit_module
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_finit_module.matched is defined and find_finit_module.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_finit_module.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_finit_module.matched is defined and find_finit_module.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the finit_module rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S finit_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the finit_module rule in rules.d on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S finit_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the finit_module rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S finit_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the finit_module rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S finit_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Record Events that Modify User/Group Information   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d, in order to capture events that modify account changes:
-w /etc/group -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification
-w /etc/passwd -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification
-w /etc/gshadow -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification
-w /etc/shadow -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification
-w /etc/security/opasswd -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file, in order to capture events that modify account changes:
-w /etc/group -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification
-w /etc/passwd -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification
-w /etc/gshadow -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification
-w /etc/shadow -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification
-w /etc/security/opasswd -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification
Warning:  This rule checks for multiple syscalls related to account changes; it was written with DISA STIG in mind. Other policies should use a separate rule for each syscall that needs to be checked. For example:
  • audit_rules_usergroup_modification_group
  • audit_rules_usergroup_modification_gshadow
  • audit_rules_usergroup_modification_passwd
Rationale:
In addition to auditing new user and group accounts, these watches will alert the system administrator(s) to any modifications. Any unexpected users, groups, or modifications should be investigated for legitimacy.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_usergroup_modification
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.5, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000018, CCI-000130, CCI-000172, CCI-001403, CCI-002130, AC-2(4), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-1, PR.AC-3, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.2.5, SRG-OS-000004-GPOS-00004, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000239-GPOS-00089, SRG-OS-000241-GPOS-00090, SRG-OS-000241-GPOS-00091, SRG-OS-000303-GPOS-00120, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000476-GPOS-00221, SR 1.1, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.03, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.1.2, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, A.7.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Network Environment   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S sethostname,setdomainname -F key=audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
-w /etc/issue -p wa -k audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
-w /etc/issue.net -p wa -k audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
-w /etc/hosts -p wa -k audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
-w /etc/sysconfig/network -p wa -k audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S sethostname,setdomainname -F key=audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
-w /etc/issue -p wa -k audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
-w /etc/issue.net -p wa -k audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
-w /etc/hosts -p wa -k audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
-w /etc/sysconfig/network -p wa -k audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
Rationale:
The network environment should not be modified by anything other than administrator action. Any change to network parameters should be audited.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_networkconfig_modification
Identifiers and References

References:  5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.5.5, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on Exporting to Media (successful)   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect media exportation events for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S mount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=export
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S mount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=export
Rationale:
The unauthorized exportation of data to external media could result in an information leak where classified information, Privacy Act information, and intellectual property could be lost. An audit trail should be created each time a filesystem is mounted to help identify and guard against information loss.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_media_export
Identifiers and References

References:  5.2.13, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000135, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.2.7, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit mount tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_media_export
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_mount
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_media_export
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_mount.matched is defined and find_mount.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_media_export
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_mount.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_mount.matched is defined and find_mount.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_media_export
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the mount rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S mount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_media_export
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the mount rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S mount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_media_export
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the mount rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S mount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_media_export
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the mount rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S mount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_media_export
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Mandatory Access Controls   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-w /etc/selinux/ -p wa -k MAC-policy
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-w /etc/selinux/ -p wa -k MAC-policy
Rationale:
The system's mandatory access policy (SELinux) should not be arbitrarily changed by anything other than administrator action. All changes to MAC policy should be audited.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_mac_modification
Identifiers and References

References:  5.4.1.1, 3.1.8, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects System Administrator Actions   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect administrator actions for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-w /etc/sudoers -p wa -k actions
-w /etc/sudoers.d/ -p wa -k actions
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-w /etc/sudoers -p wa -k actions
-w /etc/sudoers.d/ -p wa -k actions
Rationale:
The actions taken by system administrators should be audited to keep a record of what was executed on the system, as well as, for accountability purposes.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_sysadmin_actions
Identifiers and References

References:  5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AC-2(7)(b), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-1, PR.AC-3, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.2, Req-10.2.5.b, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000462-VMM-001840, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 1.1, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.03, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.1.2, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, A.7.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries for sysadmin actions
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*/etc/sudoers.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_audit_sysadmin_actions
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(7)(b)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.2
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5.b
    - audit_rules_sysadmin_actions
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/actions.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_sysadmin_actions_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/actions.rules
  when:
    - find_audit_sysadmin_actions.matched is defined and find_audit_sysadmin_actions.matched
      == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(7)(b)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.2
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5.b
    - audit_rules_sysadmin_actions
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_sysadmin_actions_files:
      - '{{ find_audit_sysadmin_actions.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
        }}'
  when:
    - find_audit_sysadmin_actions.matched is defined and find_audit_sysadmin_actions.matched
      > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(7)(b)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.2
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5.b
    - audit_rules_sysadmin_actions
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces audit rule for /etc/sudoers rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_sysadmin_actions_files[0] }}'
    line: -w /etc/sudoers -p wa -k actions
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(7)(b)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.2
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5.b
    - audit_rules_sysadmin_actions
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces audit rule for /etc/sudoers.d rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_sysadmin_actions_files[0] }}'
    line: -w /etc/sudoers.d/ -p wa -k actions
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(7)(b)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.2
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5.b
    - audit_rules_sysadmin_actions
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces audit rule for /etc/sudoers in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -w /etc/sudoers -p wa -k actions
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(7)(b)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.2
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5.b
    - audit_rules_sysadmin_actions
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces audit rule for /etc/sudoers.d in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -w /etc/sudoers.d/ -p wa -k actions
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(7)(b)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.2
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5.b
    - audit_rules_sysadmin_actions
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure the audit Subsystem is Installed   [ref]

The audit package should be installed.
Rationale:
The auditd service is an access monitoring and accounting daemon, watching system calls to audit any access, in comparison with potential local access control policy such as SELinux policy.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_audit_installed
Identifiers and References

References:  AC-7(a), AU-7(1), AU-7(2), AU-14, AU-12(2), AU-2(a), CM-6(a), BP28(R50), SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000122-GPOS-00063


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "audit"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure audit is installed
  package:
    name: audit
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(2)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-14
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(a)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-7(1)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-7(2)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - enable_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - package_audit_installed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
include install_audit

class install_audit {
  package { 'audit':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Rule   Enable auditd Service   [ref]

The auditd service is an essential userspace component of the Linux Auditing System, as it is responsible for writing audit records to disk. The auditd service can be enabled with the following command:
$ sudo systemctl enable auditd.service
Rationale:
Without establishing what type of events occurred, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events leading up to an outage or attack. Ensuring the auditd service is active ensures audit records generated by the kernel are appropriately recorded.

Additionally, a properly configured audit subsystem ensures that actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users so they can be held accountable for their actions.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_service_auditd_enabled
Identifiers and References

References:  5.4.1.1, 3.3.1, 3.3.2, 3.3.6, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000131, CCI-000132, CCI-000133, CCI-000134, CCI-000134, CCI-000135, CCI-001464, CCI-001487, CCI-001814, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.310(a)(2)(iv), 164.310(d)(2)(iii), 164.312(b), AC-2(g), AU-3, AU-10, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AU-14(1), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, Req-10.1, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000038-GPOS-00016, SRG-OS-000039-GPOS-00017, SRG-OS-000040-GPOS-00018, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00021, SRG-OS-000254-GPOS-00095, SRG-OS-000255-GPOS-00096, SRG-OS-000365-GPOS-00152, SRG-OS-000037-VMM-000150, SRG-OS-000063-VMM-000310, SRG-OS-000038-VMM-000160, SRG-OS-000039-VMM-000170, SRG-OS-000040-VMM-000180, SRG-OS-000041-VMM-000190, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

SYSTEMCTL_EXEC='/usr/bin/systemctl'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" start 'auditd.service'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" enable 'auditd.service'

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
- name: Enable service auditd
  block:

    - name: Gather the package facts
      package_facts:
        manager: auto

    - name: Enable service auditd
      service:
        name: auditd
        enabled: 'yes'
        state: started
      when:
        - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.2
    - NIST-800-171-3.3.6
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(g)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-10
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-14(1)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-3
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.1
    - enable_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - service_auditd_enabled

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
include enable_auditd

class enable_auditd {
  service {'auditd':
    enable => true,
    ensure => 'running',
  }
}
Group   Network Configuration and Firewalls   Group contains 5 groups and 18 rules
[ref]   Most systems must be connected to a network of some sort, and this brings with it the substantial risk of network attack. This section discusses the security impact of decisions about networking which must be made when configuring a system.

This section also discusses firewalls, network access controls, and other network security frameworks, which allow system-level rules to be written that can limit an attackers' ability to connect to your system. These rules can specify that network traffic should be allowed or denied from certain IP addresses, hosts, and networks. The rules can also specify which of the system's network services are available to particular hosts or networks.
Group   firewalld   Group contains 1 group and 1 rule
[ref]   The dynamic firewall daemon firewalld provides a dynamically managed firewall with support for network “zones” to assign a level of trust to a network and its associated connections and interfaces. It has support for IPv4 and IPv6 firewall settings. It supports Ethernet bridges and has a separation of runtime and permanent configuration options. It also has an interface for services or applications to add firewall rules directly.
A graphical configuration tool, firewall-config, is used to configure firewalld, which in turn uses iptables tool to communicate with Netfilter in the kernel which implements packet filtering.
The firewall service provided by firewalld is dynamic rather than static because changes to the configuration can be made at anytime and are immediately implemented. There is no need to save or apply the changes. No unintended disruption of existing network connections occurs as no part of the firewall has to be reloaded.
Group   Inspect and Activate Default firewalld Rules   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   Firewalls can be used to separate networks into different zones based on the level of trust the user has decided to place on the devices and traffic within that network. NetworkManager informs firewalld to which zone an interface belongs. An interface's assigned zone can be changed by NetworkManager or via the firewall-config tool.
The zone settings in /etc/firewalld/ are a range of preset settings which can be quickly applied to a network interface. These are the zones provided by firewalld sorted according to the default trust level of the zones from untrusted to trusted:
  • drop

    Any incoming network packets are dropped, there is no reply. Only outgoing network connections are possible.

  • block

    Any incoming network connections are rejected with an icmp-host-prohibited message for IPv4 and icmp6-adm-prohibited for IPv6. Only network connections initiated from within the system are possible.

  • public

    For use in public areas. You do not trust the other computers on the network to not harm your computer. Only selected incoming connections are accepted.

  • external

    For use on external networks with masquerading enabled especially for routers. You do not trust the other computers on the network to not harm your computer. Only selected incoming connections are accepted.

  • dmz

    For computers in your demilitarized zone that are publicly-accessible with limited access to your internal network. Only selected incoming connections are accepted.

  • work

    For use in work areas. You mostly trust the other computers on networks to not harm your computer. Only selected incoming connections are accepted.

  • home

    For use in home areas. You mostly trust the other computers on networks to not harm your computer. Only selected incoming connections are accepted.

  • internal

    For use on internal networks. You mostly trust the other computers on the networks to not harm your computer. Only selected incoming connections are accepted.

  • trusted

    All network connections are accepted.


It is possible to designate one of these zones to be the default zone. When interface connections are added to NetworkManager, they are assigned to the default zone. On installation, the default zone in firewalld is set to be the public zone.
To find out all the settings of a zone, for example the public zone, enter the following command as root:
# firewall-cmd --zone=public --list-all
Example output of this command might look like the following:
# firewall-cmd --zone=public --list-all
public
  interfaces:
  services: mdns dhcpv6-client ssh
  ports:
  forward-ports:
  icmp-blocks: source-quench
To view the network zones currently active, enter the following command as root:
# firewall-cmd --get-service
The following listing displays the result of this command on common SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 system:
# firewall-cmd --get-service
amanda-client bacula bacula-client dhcp dhcpv6 dhcpv6-client dns ftp
high-availability http https imaps ipp ipp-client ipsec kerberos kpasswd
ldap ldaps libvirt libvirt-tls mdns mountd ms-wbt mysql nfs ntp openvpn
pmcd pmproxy pmwebapi pmwebapis pop3s postgresql proxy-dhcp radius rpc-bind
samba samba-client smtp ssh telnet tftp tftp-client transmission-client
vnc-server wbem-https
Finally to view the network zones that will be active after the next firewalld service reload, enter the following command as root:
# firewall-cmd --get-service --permanent

Rule   Install firewalld Package   [ref]

The firewalld package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install firewalld
Rationale:
The firewalld package should be installed to provide access control methods.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_firewalld_installed
Identifiers and References

References:  CM-6(a), SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000298-GPOS-00116


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "firewalld"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure firewalld is installed
  package:
    name: firewalld
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - enable_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - package_firewalld_installed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
include install_firewalld

class install_firewalld {
  package { 'firewalld':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}
Group   Kernel Parameters Which Affect Networking   Group contains 2 groups and 17 rules
[ref]   The sysctl utility is used to set parameters which affect the operation of the Linux kernel. Kernel parameters which affect networking and have security implications are described here.