Guide to the Secure Configuration of SUSE Linux Enterprise 12

with profile DISA STIG for SUSE Linux Enterprise 12
This profile contains configuration checks that align to the DISA STIG for SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 V1R2.
This guide presents a catalog of security-relevant configuration settings for SUSE Linux Enterprise 12. It is a rendering of content structured in the eXtensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) in order to support security automation. The SCAP content is is available in the scap-security-guide package which is developed at https://www.open-scap.org/security-policies/scap-security-guide.

Providing system administrators with such guidance informs them how to securely configure systems under their control in a variety of network roles. Policy makers and baseline creators can use this catalog of settings, with its associated references to higher-level security control catalogs, in order to assist them in security baseline creation. This guide is a catalog, not a checklist, and satisfaction of every item is not likely to be possible or sensible in many operational scenarios. However, the XCCDF format enables granular selection and adjustment of settings, and their association with OVAL and OCIL content provides an automated checking capability. Transformations of this document, and its associated automated checking content, are capable of providing baselines that meet a diverse set of policy objectives. Some example XCCDF Profiles, which are selections of items that form checklists and can be used as baselines, are available with this guide. They can be processed, in an automated fashion, with tools that support the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). The DISA STIG, which provides required settings for US Department of Defense systems, is one example of a baseline created from this guidance.
Do not attempt to implement any of the settings in this guide without first testing them in a non-operational environment. The creators of this guidance assume no responsibility whatsoever for its use by other parties, and makes no guarantees, expressed or implied, about its quality, reliability, or any other characteristic.

Profile Information

Profile TitleDISA STIG for SUSE Linux Enterprise 12
Profile IDxccdf_org.ssgproject.content_profile_stig

CPE Platforms

  • cpe:/o:suse:linux_enterprise_server:12
  • cpe:/o:suse:linux_enterprise_desktop:12

Revision History

Current version: 0.1.55

  • draft (as of 2021-03-19)

Table of Contents

  1. System Settings
    1. Installing and Maintaining Software
    2. Account and Access Control
    3. System Accounting with auditd
    4. GRUB2 bootloader configuration
    5. File Permissions and Masks
    6. Network Configuration and Firewalls
  2. Services
    1. Network Time Protocol
    2. Mail Server Software
    3. Base Services
    4. Obsolete Services
    5. SSH Server
    6. NFS and RPC
    7. FTP Server

Checklist

Group   Guide to the Secure Configuration of SUSE Linux Enterprise 12   Group contains 68 groups and 146 rules
Group   System Settings   Group contains 52 groups and 121 rules
[ref]   Contains rules that check correct system settings.
Group   Installing and Maintaining Software   Group contains 12 groups and 15 rules
[ref]   The following sections contain information on security-relevant choices during the initial operating system installation process and the setup of software updates.
Group   System and Software Integrity   Group contains 6 groups and 6 rules
[ref]   System and software integrity can be gained by installing antivirus, increasing system encryption strength with FIPS, verifying installed software, enabling SELinux, installing an Intrusion Prevention System, etc. However, installing or enabling integrity checking tools cannot prevent intrusions, but they can detect that an intrusion may have occurred. Requirements for integrity checking may be highly dependent on the environment in which the system will be used. Snapshot-based approaches such as AIDE may induce considerable overhead in the presence of frequent software updates.
Group   Software Integrity Checking   Group contains 1 group and 4 rules
[ref]   Both the AIDE (Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment) software and the RPM package management system provide mechanisms for verifying the integrity of installed software. AIDE uses snapshots of file metadata (such as hashes) and compares these to current system files in order to detect changes.

The RPM package management system can conduct integrity checks by comparing information in its metadata database with files installed on the system.
Group   Verify Integrity with AIDE   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   AIDE conducts integrity checks by comparing information about files with previously-gathered information. Ideally, the AIDE database is created immediately after initial system configuration, and then again after any software update. AIDE is highly configurable, with further configuration information located in /usr/share/doc/aide-VERSION.

Rule   Install AIDE   [ref]

The aide package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install aide
Rationale:
The AIDE package must be installed if it is to be available for integrity checking.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_aide_installed
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83067-9

References:  5.10.1.3, CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, Req-11.5, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, APO01.06, BAI01.06, BAI02.01, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS04.07, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.8.2.3, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, BP28(R51), SRG-OS-000363-GPOS-00150, 1034, 1288, 1341, 1417, CCI-002699, SLES-12-010500, SV-217148r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure aide is installed
  package:
    name: aide
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83067-9
    - CJIS-5.10.1.3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010500
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
    - enable_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - package_aide_installed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:enable
include install_aide

class install_aide {
  package { 'aide':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Rule   Configure Notification of Post-AIDE Scan Details   [ref]

AIDE should notify appropriate personnel of the details of a scan after the scan has been run. If AIDE has already been configured for periodic execution in /etc/crontab, append the following line to the existing AIDE line:
 | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check" root@localhost
Otherwise, add the following line to /etc/crontab:
05 4 * * * root /usr/sbin/aide --check | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check" root@localhost
AIDE can be executed periodically through other means; this is merely one example.
Rationale:
Unauthorized changes to the baseline configuration could make the system vulnerable to various attacks or allow unauthorized access to the operating system. Changes to operating system configurations can have unintended side effects, some of which may be relevant to security.

Detecting such changes and providing an automated response can help avoid unintended, negative consequences that could ultimately affect the security state of the operating system. The operating system's Information Management Officer (IMO)/Information System Security Officer (ISSO) and System Administrators (SAs) must be notified via email and/or monitoring system trap when there is an unauthorized modification of a configuration item.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_scan_notification
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83048-9

References:  BP28(R51), CCI-002702, SI-6d, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, SRG-OS-000447-GPOS-00201, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, BAI01.06, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, A.12.1.2, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, 1, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-010510, SV-217149r603262_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

CRONTAB=/etc/crontab
CRONDIRS='/etc/cron.d /etc/cron.daily /etc/cron.weekly /etc/cron.monthly'

# NOTE: on some platforms, /etc/crontab may not exist
if [ -f /etc/crontab ]; then
	CRONTAB_EXIST=/etc/crontab
fi

if [ -f /var/spool/cron/root ]; then
	VARSPOOL=/var/spool/cron/root
fi

if ! grep -qR '^.*\/usr\/sbin\/aide\s*\-\-check.*|.*\/bin\/mail\s*-s\s*".*"\s*root@.*$' $CRONTAB_EXIST $VARSPOOL $CRONDIRS; then

	echo '0 5 * * * root /usr/bin/aide  --check | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check" root@localhost' >> $CRONTAB

fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure AIDE to Verify Access Control Lists (ACLs)   [ref]

By default, the acl option is added to the FIPSR ruleset in AIDE. If using a custom ruleset or the acl option is missing, add acl to the appropriate ruleset. For example, add acl to the following line in /etc/aide.conf:
FIPSR = p+i+n+u+g+s+m+c+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha256
AIDE rules can be configured in multiple ways; this is merely one example that is already configured by default.
Rationale:
ACLs can provide permissions beyond those permitted through the file mode and must be verified by the file integrity tools.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_verify_acls
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83150-3

References:  BP28(R51), CCI-000366, SI-7, SI-7(1), CM-6(a), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, 4.3.4.4.4, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, DSS06.02, A.11.2.4, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.4, 2, 3, SLES-12-010520, SV-217150r603262_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

aide_conf="/etc/aide.conf"

groups=$(LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" $aide_conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u)

for group in $groups
do
	config=$(grep "^$group\s*=" $aide_conf | cut -f2 -d '=' | tr -d ' ')

	if ! [[ $config = *acl* ]]
	then
		if [[ -z $config ]]
		then
			config="acl"
		else
			config=$config"+acl"
		fi
	fi
	sed -i "s/^$group\s*=.*/$group = $config/g" $aide_conf
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather list of packages
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83150-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010520
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - aide_verify_acls
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - low_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: get rules groups
  shell: |
    LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" /etc/aide.conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u
  when:
    - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  register: find_rules_groups_results
  tags:
    - CCE-83150-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010520
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - aide_verify_acls
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - low_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: ensure the acl rule is present when aide is installed.
  replace:
    path: /etc/aide.conf
    regexp: (^\s*{{ item }}\s*=\s*)(?!.*acl)([^\s]*)
    replace: \g<1>\g<2>+acl
  when:
    - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  with_items: '{{ find_rules_groups_results.stdout_lines | map(''trim'') | list }}'
  tags:
    - CCE-83150-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010520
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - aide_verify_acls
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - low_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Configure AIDE to Verify Extended Attributes   [ref]

By default, the xattrs option is added to the FIPSR ruleset in AIDE. If using a custom ruleset or the xattrs option is missing, add xattrs to the appropriate ruleset. For example, add xattrs to the following line in /etc/aide.conf:
FIPSR = p+i+n+u+g+s+m+c+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha256
AIDE rules can be configured in multiple ways; this is merely one example that is already configured by default.
Rationale:
Extended attributes in file systems are used to contain arbitrary data and file metadata with security implications.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_verify_ext_attributes
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83151-1

References:  BP28(R51), CCI-000366, SI-7, SI-7(1), CM-6(a), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, 4.3.4.4.4, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, DSS06.02, A.11.2.4, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.4, 2, 3, SLES-12-010530, SV-217151r603262_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

aide_conf="/etc/aide.conf"

groups=$(LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" $aide_conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u)

for group in $groups
do
	config=$(grep "^$group\s*=" $aide_conf | cut -f2 -d '=' | tr -d ' ')

	if ! [[ $config = *xattrs* ]]
	then
		if [[ -z $config ]]
		then
			config="xattrs"
		else
			config=$config"+xattrs"
		fi
	fi
	sed -i "s/^$group\s*=.*/$group = $config/g" $aide_conf
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather list of packages
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83151-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010530
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - aide_verify_ext_attributes
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - low_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: get rules groups
  shell: |
    LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" /etc/aide.conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u
  when:
    - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  register: find_rules_groups_results
  tags:
    - CCE-83151-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010530
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - aide_verify_ext_attributes
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - low_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: ensure the xattrs rule is present when aide is installed.
  replace:
    path: /etc/aide.conf
    regexp: (^\s*{{ item }}\s*=\s*)(?!.*xattrs)([^\s]*)
    replace: \g<1>\g<2>+xattrs
  when:
    - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  with_items: '{{ find_rules_groups_results.stdout_lines | map(''trim'') | list }}'
  tags:
    - CCE-83151-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010530
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
    - aide_verify_ext_attributes
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - low_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
Group   Endpoint Protection Software   Group contains 2 groups and 1 rule
[ref]   Endpoint protection security software that is not provided or supported by Red Hat can be installed to provide complementary or duplicative security capabilities to those provided by the base platform. Add-on software may not be appropriate for some specialized systems.
Group   McAfee Endpoint Security Software   Group contains 1 group and 1 rule
[ref]   In DoD environments, McAfee Host-based Security System (HBSS) and VirusScan Enterprise for Linux (VSEL) is required to be installed on all systems.
Group   McAfee Host-Based Intrusion Detection Software (HBSS)   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   McAfee Host-based Security System (HBSS) is a suite of software applications used to monitor, detect, and defend computer networks and systems.

Rule   Install the Host Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS) Module   [ref]

Install the McAfee Host Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS) Module if it is absolutely necessary. If SELinux is enabled, do not install or enable this module.
Warning:  Installing and enabling this module conflicts with SELinux. Per DoD/DISA guidance, SELinux takes precedence over this module.
Warning:  Due to McAfee HIPS being 3rd party software, automated remediation is not available for this configuration check.
Rationale:
Without a host-based intrusion detection tool, there is no system-level defense when an intruder gains access to a system or network. Additionally, a host-based intrusion prevention tool can provide methods to immediately lock out detected intrusion attempts.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_MFEhiplsm_installed
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83071-1

References:  CCI-000366, CCI-001233, CCI-001263, CM-6(a), DE.AE-1, DE.AE-2, DE.AE-3, DE.AE-4, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-5, DE.CM-6, DE.CM-7, DE.DP-2, DE.DP-3, DE.DP-4, DE.DP-5, ID.RA-1, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-5, PR.IP-8, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.CO-3, Req-11.4, SRG-OS-000191-GPOS-00080, SRG-OS-000196, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.4, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 3.9, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, 4.3.3.4, 4.3.4.5.2, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.3.4.5.9, 4.4.3.2, 4.4.3.3, 4.4.3.4, APO01.06, APO07.06, APO08.04, APO10.05, APO11.06, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, APO13.02, BAI08.02, BAI08.04, DSS01.03, DSS01.05, DSS02.04, DSS02.05, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.04, DSS03.05, DSS04.05, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.01, DSS06.02, MEA03.03, MEA03.04, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.3, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.1, A.12.6.2, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.14.2.8, A.15.2.1, A.16.1.1, A.16.1.2, A.16.1.3, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.6, A.16.1.7, A.18.1.4, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, Clause 16.1.2, Clause 7.4, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-010599, SV-222385r603262_rule

Group   Operating System Vendor Support and Certification   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The assurance of a vendor to provide operating system support and maintenance for their product is an important criterion to ensure product stability and security over the life of the product. A certified product that follows the necessary standards and government certification requirements guarantees that known software vulnerabilities will be remediated, and proper guidance for protecting and securing the operating system will be given.

Rule   The Installed Operating System Is Vendor Supported   [ref]

The installed operating system must be maintained by a vendor. SUSE Linux Enterprise is supported by SUSE. As the SUSE Linux Enterprise vendor, SUSE is responsible for providing security patches.
Warning:  There is no remediation besides switching to a different operating system.
Rationale:
An operating system is considered "supported" if the vendor continues to provide security patches for the product. With an unsupported release, it will not be possible to resolve any security issue discovered in the system software.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_installed_OS_is_vendor_supported
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83001-8

References:  CCI-000366, CM-6(a), MA-6, SA-13(a), ID.RA-1, PR.IP-12, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, 18, 20, 4, SLES-12-010000, SV-217101r603262_rule

Group   Sudo   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   Sudo, which stands for "su 'do'", provides the ability to delegate authority to certain users, groups of users, or system administrators. When configured for system users and/or groups, Sudo can allow a user or group to execute privileged commands that normally only root is allowed to execute.

For more information on Sudo and addition Sudo configuration options, see https://www.sudo.ws.

Rule   Ensure Users Re-Authenticate for Privilege Escalation - sudo !authenticate   [ref]

The sudo !authenticate option, when specified, allows a user to execute commands using sudo without having to authenticate. This should be disabled by making sure that the !authenticate option does not exist in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization.

When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical that the user re-authenticate.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_remove_no_authenticate
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83013-3

References:  BP28(R5), BP28(R59), CCI-002038, IA-11, CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-7, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00157, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00158, SRG-OS-000373-VMM-001470, SRG-OS-000373-VMM-001480, SRG-OS-000373-VMM-001490, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, SLES-12-010110, SV-217112r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict

for f in $( ls /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.d/* 2> /dev/null ) ; do
  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]+\!authenticate.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      # comment out "!authenticate" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i "s/^${entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"

    /usr/sbin/visudo -cf $f &> /dev/null || echo "Fail to validate $f with visudo"
  fi
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Find /etc/sudoers.d/ files
  find:
    paths:
      - /etc/sudoers.d/
  register: sudoers
  tags:
    - CCE-83013-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010110
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-11
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - sudo_remove_no_authenticate

- name: Remove lines containing !authenticate from sudoers files
  replace:
    regexp: (^(?!#).*[\s]+\!authenticate.*$)
    replace: '# \g<1>'
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  with_items:
    - path: /etc/sudoers
    - '{{ sudoers.files }}'
  tags:
    - CCE-83013-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010110
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-11
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - sudo_remove_no_authenticate

Rule   Ensure Users Re-Authenticate for Privilege Escalation - sudo NOPASSWD   [ref]

The sudo NOPASSWD tag, when specified, allows a user to execute commands using sudo without having to authenticate. This should be disabled by making sure that the NOPASSWD tag does not exist in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization.

When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical that the user re-authenticate.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_remove_nopasswd
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83012-5

References:  BP28(R5), BP28(R59), CCI-002038, IA-11, CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-7, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00157, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00158, SRG-OS-000373-VMM-001470, SRG-OS-000373-VMM-001480, SRG-OS-000373-VMM-001490, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, SLES-12-010110, SV-217112r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict

for f in $( ls /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.d/* 2> /dev/null ) ; do
  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]+NOPASSWD[\s]*\:.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      # comment out "NOPASSWD" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i "s/^${entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"

    /usr/sbin/visudo -cf $f &> /dev/null || echo "Fail to validate $f with visudo"
  fi
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Find /etc/sudoers.d/ files
  find:
    paths:
      - /etc/sudoers.d/
  register: sudoers
  tags:
    - CCE-83012-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010110
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-11
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - sudo_remove_nopasswd

- name: Remove lines containing NOPASSWD from sudoers files
  replace:
    regexp: (^(?!#).*[\s]+NOPASSWD[\s]*\:.*$)
    replace: '# \g<1>'
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  with_items:
    - path: /etc/sudoers
    - '{{ sudoers.files }}'
  tags:
    - CCE-83012-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010110
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-11
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - sudo_remove_nopasswd
Group   Updating Software   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   The zypper command line tool is used to install and update software packages. The system also provides a graphical software update tool in the System menu, in the Administration submenu, called Software Update.

SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 systems contain an installed software catalog called the RPM database, which records metadata of installed packages. Consistently using zypper or the graphical Software Update for all software installation allows for insight into the current inventory of installed software on the system.

Rule   Ensure gpgcheck Enabled In Main zypper Configuration   [ref]

The gpgcheck option controls whether RPM packages' signatures are always checked prior to installation. To configure zypper to check package signatures before installing them, ensure the following line appears in /etc/zypp/zypp.conf in the [main] section:
gpgcheck=1
Rationale:
Changes to any software components can have significant effects on the overall security of the operating system. This requirement ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor.
Accordingly, patches, service packs, device drivers, or operating system components must be signed with a certificate recognized and approved by the organization.
Verifying the authenticity of the software prior to installation validates the integrity of the patch or upgrade received from a vendor. This ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor. Self-signed certificates are disallowed by this requirement. Certificates used to verify the software must be from an approved Certificate Authority (CA).
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83068-7

References:  5.10.4.1, 3.4.8, CCI-001749, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.312(b), 164.312(c)(1), 164.312(c)(2), 164.312(e)(2)(i), CM-5(3), SI-7, SC-12, SC-12(3), CM-6(a), SA-12, SA-12(10), CM-11(a), CM-11(b), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, FPT_TUD_EXT.1, FPT_TUD_EXT.2, Req-6.2, SRG-OS-000366-GPOS-00153, SRG-OS-000366-VMM-001430, SRG-OS-000370-VMM-001460, SRG-OS-000404-VMM-001650, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 7.6, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS06.02, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, 11, 2, 3, 9, BP28(R15), SLES-12-010550, SV-217153r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-83068-7
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010550
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
    - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SA-12
    - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - unknown_strategy

- name: Ensure GPG check is globally activated (zypper)
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/zypp/zypp.conf
    section: main
    option: gpgcheck
    value: 1
    no_extra_spaces: true
    create: false
  when: '"zypper" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-83068-7
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010550
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
    - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SA-12
    - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12
    - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-7
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - unknown_strategy

Rule   Ensure Software Patches Installed   [ref]

If the system is configured for online updates, invoking the following command will list available security updates:
$ sudo zypper refresh && sudo zypper list-patches -g security


NOTE: U.S. Defense systems are required to be patched within 30 days or sooner as local policy dictates.
Rationale:
Installing software updates is a fundamental mitigation against the exploitation of publicly-known vulnerabilities. If the most recent security patches and updates are not installed, unauthorized users may take advantage of weaknesses in the unpatched software. The lack of prompt attention to patching could result in a system compromise.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_security_patches_up_to_date
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83002-6

References:  5.10.4.1, CCI-001227, SI-2(5), SI-2(c), CM-6(a), ID.RA-1, PR.IP-12, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-6.2, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000480-VMM-002000, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, 18, 20, 4, BP28(R08), SLES-12-010010, SV-217102r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Reboot:true
Strategy:patch
- name: Security patches are up to date
  package:
    name: '*'
    state: latest
  tags:
    - CCE-83002-6
    - CJIS-5.10.4.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010010
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-2(5)
    - NIST-800-53-SI-2(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
    - high_disruption
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - patch_strategy
    - reboot_required
    - security_patches_up_to_date
    - skip_ansible_lint
Group   GNOME Desktop Environment   Group contains 1 group and 1 rule
[ref]   GNOME is a graphical desktop environment bundled with many Linux distributions that allow users to easily interact with the operating system graphically rather than textually. The GNOME Graphical Display Manager (GDM) provides login, logout, and user switching contexts as well as display server management.

GNOME is developed by the GNOME Project and is considered the default Red Hat Graphical environment.

For more information on GNOME and the GNOME Project, see https://www.gnome.org.
Group   Configure GNOME Login Screen   Group contains 1 rule
Group   Disk Partitioning   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   To ensure separation and protection of data, there are top-level system directories which should be placed on their own physical partition or logical volume. The installer's default partitioning scheme creates separate logical volumes for /, /boot, and swap.
  • If starting with any of the default layouts, check the box to \"Review and modify partitioning.\" This allows for the easy creation of additional logical volumes inside the volume group already created, though it may require making /'s logical volume smaller to create space. In general, using logical volumes is preferable to using partitions because they can be more easily adjusted later.
  • If creating a custom layout, create the partitions mentioned in the previous paragraph (which the installer will require anyway), as well as separate ones described in the following sections.
If a system has already been installed, and the default partitioning scheme was used, it is possible but nontrivial to modify it to create separate logical volumes for the directories listed above. The Logical Volume Manager (LVM) makes this possible. See the LVM HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/ for more detailed information on LVM.

Rule   Ensure /home Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

If user home directories will be stored locally, create a separate partition for /home at installation time (or migrate it later using LVM). If /home will be mounted from another system such as an NFS server, then creating a separate partition is not necessary at installation time, and the mountpoint can instead be configured later.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /home is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, and also helps ensure that users cannot trivially fill partitions used for log or audit data storage.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_home
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83152-9

References:  BP28(R12), CCI-000366, CCI-001208, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, APO13.01, DSS05.02, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, 12, 15, 8, SLES-12-010850, SV-217184r603893_rule

Rule   Encrypt Partitions   [ref]

SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 natively supports partition encryption through the Linux Unified Key Setup-on-disk-format (LUKS) technology. The easiest way to encrypt a partition is during installation time.

For manual installations, select the Encrypt checkbox during partition creation to encrypt the partition. When this option is selected the system will prompt for a passphrase to use in decrypting the partition. The passphrase will subsequently need to be entered manually every time the system boots.

Detailed information on encrypting partitions using LUKS or LUKS ciphers can be found on the SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 Documentation web site:
https://www.suse.com/documentation/sled-12/book_security/data/sec_security_cryptofs_y2.html
Rationale:
The risk of a system's physical compromise, particularly mobile systems such as laptops, places its data at risk of compromise. Encrypting this data mitigates the risk of its loss if the system is lost.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_encrypt_partitions
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83046-3

References:  3.13.16, CCI-001199, CCI-002475, CCI-002476, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(b)(1), 164.310(d), 164.312(a)(1), 164.312(a)(2)(iii), 164.312(a)(2)(iv), 164.312(b), 164.312(c), 164.314(b)(2)(i), 164.312(d), A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, CM-6(a), SC-28, SC-28(1), SC-13, AU-9(3), PR.DS-1, PR.DS-5, SRG-OS-000405-GPOS-00184, SRG-OS-000185-GPOS-00079, SRG-OS-000404-GPOS-00183, SRG-OS-000404-VMM-001650, SRG-OS-000405-VMM-001660, SR 3.4, SR 4.1, SR 5.2, APO01.06, BAI02.01, BAI06.01, DSS04.07, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06, 13, 14, SLES-12-010450, SV-217146r603262_rule

Rule   Ensure /var Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

The /var directory is used by daemons and other system services to store frequently-changing data. Ensure that /var has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /var is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options. This helps protect system services such as daemons or other programs which use it. It is not uncommon for the /var directory to contain world-writable directories installed by other software packages.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83153-7

References:  BP28(R12), CCI-000366, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000341-VMM-001220, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, APO13.01, DSS05.02, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, 12, 15, 8, SLES-12-010860, SV-217185r603262_rule

Rule   Ensure /var/log/audit Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

Audit logs are stored in the /var/log/audit directory. Ensure that it has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it later using LVM. Make absolutely certain that it is large enough to store all audit logs that will be created by the auditing daemon.
Rationale:
Placing /var/log/audit in its own partition enables better separation between audit files and other files, and helps ensure that auditing cannot be halted due to the partition running out of space.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_log_audit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83154-5

References:  CCI-000366, CCI-001849, 164.312(a)(2)(ii), A.12.1.3, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.17.2.1, CM-6(a), AU-4, SC-5(2), PR.DS-4, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000341-GPOS-00132, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000341-VMM-001220, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO11.04, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI04.04, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, MEA02.01, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, BP28(R43), SLES-12-010870, SV-217186r603262_rule

Group   Account and Access Control   Group contains 11 groups and 24 rules
[ref]   In traditional Unix security, if an attacker gains shell access to a certain login account, they can perform any action or access any file to which that account has access. Therefore, making it more difficult for unauthorized people to gain shell access to accounts, particularly to privileged accounts, is a necessary part of securing a system. This section introduces mechanisms for restricting access to accounts under SUSE Linux Enterprise 12.
Group   Warning Banners for System Accesses   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   Each system should expose as little information about itself as possible.

System banners, which are typically displayed just before a login prompt, give out information about the service or the host's operating system. This might include the distribution name and the system kernel version, and the particular version of a network service. This information can assist intruders in gaining access to the system as it can reveal whether the system is running vulnerable software. Most network services can be configured to limit what information is displayed.

Many organizations implement security policies that require a system banner provide notice of the system's ownership, provide warning to unauthorized users, and remind authorized users of their consent to monitoring.

Rule   Modify the System Login Banner   [ref]

To configure the system login banner edit /etc/issue. Replace the default text with a message compliant with the local site policy or a legal disclaimer. The DoD required text is either:

You are accessing a U.S. Government (USG) Information System (IS) that is provided for USG-authorized use only. By using this IS (which includes any device attached to this IS), you consent to the following conditions:
-The USG routinely intercepts and monitors communications on this IS for purposes including, but not limited to, penetration testing, COMSEC monitoring, network operations and defense, personnel misconduct (PM), law enforcement (LE), and counterintelligence (CI) investigations.
-At any time, the USG may inspect and seize data stored on this IS.
-Communications using, or data stored on, this IS are not private, are subject to routine monitoring, interception, and search, and may be disclosed or used for any USG-authorized purpose.
-This IS includes security measures (e.g., authentication and access controls) to protect USG interests -- not for your personal benefit or privacy.
-Notwithstanding the above, using this IS does not constitute consent to PM, LE or CI investigative searching or monitoring of the content of privileged communications, or work product, related to personal representation or services by attorneys, psychotherapists, or clergy, and their assistants. Such communications and work product are private and confidential. See User Agreement for details.


OR:

I've read & consent to terms in IS user agreem't.
Rationale:
Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance.

System use notifications are required only for access via login interfaces with human users and are not required when such human interfaces do not exist.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_banner_etc_issue
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83054-7

References:  3.1.9, CCI-000048, CCI-000050, AC-8(a), AC-8.1(ii), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000023-GPOS-00006, SRG-OS-000024-GPOS-00007, SRG-OS-000023-VMM-000060, SRG-OS-000024-VMM-000070, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, SLES-12-010030, SV-217104r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
- name: XCCDF Value login_banner_text # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    login_banner_text: !!str (N/A)
  tags:
    - always

- name: Modify the System Login Banner - remove incorrect banner
  file:
    state: absent
    path: /etc/issue
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83054-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010030
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.9
    - NIST-800-53-AC-8(a)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-8.1(ii)
    - banner_etc_issue
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - unknown_strategy

- name: Modify the System Login Banner - add correct banner
  lineinfile:
    dest: /etc/issue
    line: '{{ login_banner_text | regex_replace("^\^(.*)\$$", "\1") | regex_replace("^\((.*)\|.*\)$",
      "\1") | regex_replace("\[\\s\\n\]\+"," ") | regex_replace("\(\?:\[\\n\]\+\|\(\?:\\\\n\)\+\)",
      "\n") | regex_replace("\\", "") | wordwrap() }}'
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83054-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010030
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.9
    - NIST-800-53-AC-8(a)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-8.1(ii)
    - banner_etc_issue
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - unknown_strategy
Group   Protect Accounts by Configuring PAM   Group contains 1 group and 3 rules
[ref]   PAM, or Pluggable Authentication Modules, is a system which implements modular authentication for Linux programs. PAM provides a flexible and configurable architecture for authentication, and it should be configured to minimize exposure to unnecessary risk. This section contains guidance on how to accomplish that.

PAM is implemented as a set of shared objects which are loaded and invoked whenever an application wishes to authenticate a user. Typically, the application must be running as root in order to take advantage of PAM, because PAM's modules often need to be able to access sensitive stores of account information, such as /etc/shadow. Traditional privileged network listeners (e.g. sshd) or SUID programs (e.g. sudo) already meet this requirement. An SUID root application, userhelper, is provided so that programs which are not SUID or privileged themselves can still take advantage of PAM.

PAM looks in the directory /etc/pam.d for application-specific configuration information. For instance, if the program login attempts to authenticate a user, then PAM's libraries follow the instructions in the file /etc/pam.d/login to determine what actions should be taken.

One very important file in /etc/pam.d is /etc/pam.d/system-auth. This file, which is included by many other PAM configuration files, defines 'default' system authentication measures. Modifying this file is a good way to make far-reaching authentication changes, for instance when implementing a centralized authentication service.
Warning:  Be careful when making changes to PAM's configuration files. The syntax for these files is complex, and modifications can have unexpected consequences. The default configurations shipped with applications should be sufficient for most users.
Warning:  Running authconfig or system-config-authentication will re-write the PAM configuration files, destroying any manually made changes and replacing them with a series of system defaults. One reference to the configuration file syntax can be found at http://www.linux-pam.org/Linux-PAM-html/sag-configuration-file.html.
Group   Set Password Hashing Algorithm   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The system's default algorithm for storing password hashes in /etc/shadow is SHA-512. This can be configured in several locations.

Rule   Set Password Hashing Algorithm in /etc/login.defs   [ref]

In /etc/login.defs, add or correct the following line to ensure the system will use SHA-512 as the hashing algorithm:
ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512
Rationale:
Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords that are encrypted with a weak algorithm are no more protected than if they are kept in plain text.

Using a stronger hashing algorithm makes password cracking attacks more difficult.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_set_password_hashing_algorithm_logindefs
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83029-9

References:  6.3.1, 5.6.2.2, 3.13.11, CCI-000196, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(c), CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, Req-8.2.1, SRG-OS-000073-GPOS-00041, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, BP28(R32), 0418, 1055, 1402, SLES-12-010210, SV-217122r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-83029-9
    - CJIS-5.6.2.2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010210
    - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - set_password_hashing_algorithm_logindefs
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_hashing_algorithm # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_hashing_algorithm: !!str SHA512
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set Password Hashing Algorithm in /etc/login.defs
  lineinfile:
    dest: /etc/login.defs
    regexp: ^#?ENCRYPT_METHOD
    line: ENCRYPT_METHOD {{ var_password_hashing_algorithm }}
    state: present
    create: true
  when: '"shadow" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-83029-9
    - CJIS-5.6.2.2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010210
    - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
    - set_password_hashing_algorithm_logindefs

Rule   The PAM configuration should not be changed automatically   [ref]

Verify the SUSE operating system is configured to not overwrite Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM) configuration on package changes.
Rationale:
pam-config is a command line utility that automatically generates a system PAM configuration as packages are installed, updated or removed from the system. pam-config removes configurations for PAM modules and parameters that it does not know about. It may render ineffective PAM configuration by the system administrator and thus impact system security.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_pam_disable_automatic_configuration
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83113-1

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, CM-6(b), CM-6.1(iv), SLES-12-010910, SV-217189r603262_rule



for link in $(find /etc/pam.d/ -type l -iname "common-*") ; do
    target=$(readlink -f "$link")
    cp -p --remove-destination "$target" "$link"
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Find soft links /etc/pam.d/
  find:
    paths: /etc/pam.d
    file_type: link
    patterns: common-.*
    use_regex: true
  register: find_pam_soft_links_result
  tags:
    - CCE-83113-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010910
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - pam_disable_automatic_configuration
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Remove soft links in /etc/pam.d/
  shell: |
    target=$(readlink -f "{{ item.path }}")
    cp -p --remove-destination "$target" "{{ item.path }}"
  with_items: '{{ find_pam_soft_links_result.files }}'
  tags:
    - CCE-83113-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010910
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - pam_disable_automatic_configuration
    - restrict_strategy
Group   Protect Physical Console Access   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   It is impossible to fully protect a system from an attacker with physical access, so securing the space in which the system is located should be considered a necessary step. However, there are some steps which, if taken, make it more difficult for an attacker to quickly or undetectably modify a system from its console.

Rule   Disable Ctrl-Alt-Del Reboot Activation   [ref]

By default, SystemD will reboot the system if the Ctrl-Alt-Del key sequence is pressed.

To configure the system to ignore the Ctrl-Alt-Del key sequence from the command line instead of rebooting the system, do either of the following:
ln -sf /dev/null /etc/systemd/system/ctrl-alt-del.target
or
systemctl mask ctrl-alt-del.target


Do not simply delete the /usr/lib/systemd/system/ctrl-alt-del.service file, as this file may be restored during future system updates.
Rationale:
A locally logged-in user who presses Ctrl-Alt-Del, when at the console, can reboot the system. If accidentally pressed, as could happen in the case of mixed OS environment, this can create the risk of short-term loss of availability of systems due to unintentional reboot.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_disable_ctrlaltdel_reboot
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83018-2

References:  3.4.5, CCI-000366, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii), CM-6(a), AC-6(1), PR.AC-4, PR.DS-5, SRG-OS-000324-GPOS-00125, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SR 2.1, SR 5.2, 4.3.3.7.3, APO01.06, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, SLES-12-010611, SV-217160r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:disable
- name: Disable Ctrl-Alt-Del Reboot Activation
  systemd:
    name: ctrl-alt-del.target
    masked: true
    state: stopped
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83018-2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010611
    - NIST-800-171-3.4.5
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - disable_ctrlaltdel_reboot
    - disable_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
Group   Protect Accounts by Restricting Password-Based Login   Group contains 4 groups and 8 rules
[ref]   Conventionally, Unix shell accounts are accessed by providing a username and password to a login program, which tests these values for correctness using the /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow files. Password-based login is vulnerable to guessing of weak passwords, and to sniffing and man-in-the-middle attacks against passwords entered over a network or at an insecure console. Therefore, mechanisms for accessing accounts by entering usernames and passwords should be restricted to those which are operationally necessary.
Group   Set Account Expiration Parameters   Group contains 2 rules
Group   Restrict Root Logins   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   Direct root logins should be allowed only for emergency use. In normal situations, the administrator should access the system via a unique unprivileged account, and then use su or sudo to execute privileged commands. Discouraging administrators from accessing the root account directly ensures an audit trail in organizations with multiple administrators. Locking down the channels through which root can connect directly also reduces opportunities for password-guessing against the root account. The login program uses the file /etc/securetty to determine which interfaces should allow root logins. The virtual devices /dev/console and /dev/tty* represent the system consoles (accessible via the Ctrl-Alt-F1 through Ctrl-Alt-F6 keyboard sequences on a default installation). The default securetty file also contains /dev/vc/*. These are likely to be deprecated in most environments, but may be retained for compatibility. Root should also be prohibited from connecting via network protocols. Other sections of this document include guidance describing how to prevent root from logging in via SSH.

Rule   Verify Only Root Has UID 0   [ref]

If any account other than root has a UID of 0, this misconfiguration should be investigated and the accounts other than root should be removed or have their UID changed.
If the account is associated with system commands or applications the UID should be changed to one greater than "0" but less than "1000." Otherwise assign a UID greater than "1000" that has not already been assigned.
Rationale:
An account has root authority if it has a UID of 0. Multiple accounts with a UID of 0 afford more opportunity for potential intruders to guess a password for a privileged account. Proper configuration of sudo is recommended to afford multiple system administrators access to root privileges in an accountable manner.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_no_uid_except_zero
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83020-8

References:  3.1.1, 3.1.5, CCI-000366, IA-2, AC-6(5), IA-4(b), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.DS-5, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 5.2, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, APO01.06, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.02, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.18.1.4, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, SLES-12-010650, SV-217164r603262_rule


awk -F: '$3 == 0 && $1 != "root" { print $1 }' /etc/passwd | xargs --max-lines=1 passwd -l

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: get all /etc/passwd file entries
  getent:
    database: passwd
    split: ':'
  tags:
    - CCE-83020-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010650
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(5)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-2
    - NIST-800-53-IA-4(b)
    - accounts_no_uid_except_zero
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: lock the password of the user accounts other than root with uid 0
  shell: |
    passwd -l {{ item.key }}
  loop: '{{ getent_passwd | dict2items | rejectattr(''key'', ''search'', ''root'')
    | list }}'
  when: item.value.1  == '0'
  tags:
    - CCE-83020-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010650
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(5)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-2
    - NIST-800-53-IA-4(b)
    - accounts_no_uid_except_zero
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
Group   Set Password Expiration Parameters   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   The file /etc/login.defs controls several password-related settings. Programs such as passwd, su, and login consult /etc/login.defs to determine behavior with regard to password aging, expiration warnings, and length. See the man page login.defs(5) for more information.

Users should be forced to change their passwords, in order to decrease the utility of compromised passwords. However, the need to change passwords often should be balanced against the risk that users will reuse or write down passwords if forced to change them too often. Forcing password changes every 90-360 days, depending on the environment, is recommended. Set the appropriate value as PASS_MAX_DAYS and apply it to existing accounts with the -M flag.

The PASS_MIN_DAYS (-m) setting prevents password changes for 7 days after the first change, to discourage password cycling. If you use this setting, train users to contact an administrator for an emergency password change in case a new password becomes compromised. The PASS_WARN_AGE (-W) setting gives users 7 days of warnings at login time that their passwords are about to expire.

For example, for each existing human user USER, expiration parameters could be adjusted to a 180 day maximum password age, 7 day minimum password age, and 7 day warning period with the following command:
$ sudo chage -M 180 -m 7 -W 7 USER

Rule   Set Existing Passwords Minimum Age   [ref]

Configure non-compliant accounts to enforce a 24 hours/1 day minimum password lifetime by running the following command:
$ sudo chage -m 1 USER
Rationale:
Enforcing a minimum password lifetime helps to prevent repeated password changes to defeat the password reuse or history enforcement requirement. If users are allowed to immediately and continually change their password, the password could be repeatedly changed in a short period of time to defeat the organization's policy regarding password reuse.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_set_min_life_existing
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83042-2

References:  IA-5(f), IA-5(1)(d), CM-6(a), CCI-000198, SRG-OS-000075-GPOS-00043, SRG-OS-000075-VMM000420, SLES-12-010260, SV-217128r603262_rule

Rule   Set Existing Passwords Maximum Age   [ref]

Configure non-compliant accounts to enforce a 60-day maximum password lifetime restriction by running the following command:
$ sudo chage -M 60 USER
Rationale:
Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed periodically. If the operating system does not limit the lifetime of passwords and force users to change their passwords, there is the risk that the operating system passwords could be compromised.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_set_max_life_existing
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83041-4

References:  IA-5(f), IA-5(1)(d), CM-6(a), CCI-000199, SRG-OS-000076-GPOS-00044, SRG-OS-000076-VMM-000430, SLES-12-010290, SV-217131r603262_rule

Group   Verify Proper Storage and Existence of Password Hashes   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   By default, password hashes for local accounts are stored in the second field (colon-separated) in /etc/shadow. This file should be readable only by processes running with root credentials, preventing users from casually accessing others' password hashes and attempting to crack them. However, it remains possible to misconfigure the system and store password hashes in world-readable files such as /etc/passwd, or to even store passwords themselves in plaintext on the system. Using system-provided tools for password change/creation should allow administrators to avoid such misconfiguration.

Rule   Prevent Login to Accounts With Empty Password   [ref]

If an account is configured for password authentication but does not have an assigned password, it may be possible to log into the account without authentication. Remove any instances of the nullok in password authentication configurations in /etc/pam.d/ to prevent logins with empty passwords.
Rationale:
If an account has an empty password, anyone could log in and run commands with the privileges of that account. Accounts with empty passwords should never be used in operational environments.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_no_empty_passwords
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83039-8

References:  5.5.2, 3.1.1, 3.1.5, CCI-000366, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii), IA-5(1)(a), IA-5(c), CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.DS-5, FIA_UAU.1, Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 5.2, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, APO01.06, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.02, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.18.1.4, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, SLES-12-010231, SV-217125r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Strategy:configure
- name: Find files in /etc/pam.d/ with password auth
  find:
    paths: /etc/pam.d
    contains: .*pam_unix\.so.*nullok.*
    recurse: true
  register: find_pam_conf_files_result
  tags:
    - CCE-83039-8
    - CJIS-5.5.2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010231
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
    - configure_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_empty_passwords
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Prevent Log In to Accounts with Empty Password
  replace:
    dest: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: nullok
  with_items: '{{ find_pam_conf_files_result.files }}'
  tags:
    - CCE-83039-8
    - CJIS-5.5.2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010231
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
    - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
    - configure_strategy
    - high_severity
    - low_complexity
    - medium_disruption
    - no_empty_passwords
    - no_reboot_needed
Group   Secure Session Configuration Files for Login Accounts   Group contains 1 group and 11 rules
[ref]   When a user logs into a Unix account, the system configures the user's session by reading a number of files. Many of these files are located in the user's home directory, and may have weak permissions as a result of user error or misconfiguration. If an attacker can modify or even read certain types of account configuration information, they can often gain full access to the affected user's account. Therefore, it is important to test and correct configuration file permissions for interactive accounts, particularly those of privileged users such as root or system administrators.
Group   Ensure that Users Have Sensible Umask Values   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The umask setting controls the default permissions for the creation of new files. With a default umask setting of 077, files and directories created by users will not be readable by any other user on the system. Users who wish to make specific files group- or world-readable can accomplish this by using the chmod command. Additionally, users can make all their files readable to their group by default by setting a umask of 027 in their shell configuration files. If default per-user groups exist (that is, if every user has a default group whose name is the same as that user's username and whose only member is the user), then it may even be safe for users to select a umask of 007, making it very easy to intentionally share files with groups of which the user is a member.

Rule   All Interactive Users Must Have A Home Directory Defined   [ref]

Assign home directories to all interactive users that currently do not have a home directory assigned.
Rationale:
If local interactive users are not assigned a valid home directory, there is no place for the storage and control of files they should own.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_user_interactive_home_directory_defined
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83075-2

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-12-010710, SV-217170r603883_rule

Rule   All Interactive Users Home Directories Must Exist   [ref]

Create home directories to all interactive users that currently do not have a home directory assigned. Use the following commands to create the user home directory assigned in /etc/passwd:
$ sudo mkdir /home/USER
Rationale:
If a local interactive user has a home directory defined that does not exist, the user may be given access to the / directory as the current working directory upon logon. This could create a Denial of Service because the user would not be able to access their logon configuration files, and it may give them visibility to system files they normally would not be able to access.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_user_interactive_home_directory_exists
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83074-5

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-12-010730, SV-217172r603885_rule

Rule   User Initialization Files Must Not Run World-Writable Programs   [ref]

Set the mode on files being executed by the user initialization files with the following command:
$ sudo chmod 0755 FILE
Rationale:
If user start-up files execute world-writable programs, especially in unprotected directories, they could be maliciously modified to destroy user files or otherwise compromise the system at the user level. If the system is compromised at the user level, it is easier to elevate privileges to eventually compromise the system at the root and network level.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_user_dot_no_world_writable_programs
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83099-2

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-12-010780, SV-217177r603262_rule

Rule   All Interactive User Home Directories Must Have mode 0750 Or Less Permissive   [ref]

Change the mode of interactive users home directories to 0750. To change the mode of interactive users home directory, use the following command:
$ sudo chmod 0750 /home/USER
Rationale:
Excessive permissions on local interactive user home directories may allow unauthorized access to user files by other users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_permissions_home_directories
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83076-0

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-12-010740, SV-217173r603887_rule

Rule   Ensure that Users Path Contains Only Local Directories   [ref]

Ensure that all interactive user initialization files executable search path statements do not contain statements that will reference a working directory other than the users home directory.
Rationale:
The executable search path (typically the PATH environment variable) contains a list of directories for the shell to search to find executables. If this path includes the current working directory (other than the users home directory), executables in these directories may be executed instead of system commands. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon or two consecutive colons, this is interpreted as the current working directory. If deviations from the default system search path for the local interactive user are required, they must be documented with the Information System Security Officer (ISSO).
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_user_home_paths_only
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83098-4

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-12-010770, SV-217176r603262_rule

Rule   All Interactive User Home Directories Must Be Group-Owned By The Primary User   [ref]

Change the group owner of interactive users home directory to the group found in /etc/passwd. To change the group owner of interactive users home directory, use the following command:
$ sudo chgrp USER_GROUP /home/USER
Rationale:
If the Group Identifier (GID) of a local interactive users home directory is not the same as the primary GID of the user, this would allow unauthorized access to the users files, and users that share the same group may not be able to access files that they legitimately should.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_groupownership_home_directories
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83096-8

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-12-010750, SV-217174r603889_rule

Rule   Ensure All User Initialization Files Have Mode 0740 Or Less Permissive   [ref]

Set the mode of the user initialization files to 0740 with the following command:
$ sudo chmod 0740 /home/USER/.INIT_FILE
Rationale:
Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_permission_user_init_files
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83097-6

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-12-010760, SV-217175r603262_rule

Rule   Ensure the Logon Failure Delay is Set Correctly in login.defs   [ref]

To ensure the logon failure delay controlled by /etc/login.defs is set properly, add or correct the FAIL_DELAY setting in /etc/login.defs to read as follows:
FAIL_DELAY 4
Rationale:
Increasing the time between a failed authentication attempt and re-prompting to enter credentials helps to slow a single-threaded brute force attack.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_logon_fail_delay
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83028-1

References:  CCI-000366, AC-7(b), CM-6(a), PR.IP-1, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00226, SR 7.6, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, A.12.1.2, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, 11, 3, 9, SLES-12-010140, SV-217116r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
    - CCE-83028-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010140
    - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - accounts_logon_fail_delay
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_fail_delay # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_fail_delay: !!str 4
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set accounts logon fail delay
  lineinfile:
    dest: /etc/login.defs
    regexp: ^FAIL_DELAY
    line: FAIL_DELAY {{ var_accounts_fail_delay }}
    create: true
  when: '"shadow" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
    - CCE-83028-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-010140
    - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - accounts_logon_fail_delay
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy
Group   System Accounting with auditd   Group contains 7 groups and 52 rules
[ref]   The audit service provides substantial capabilities for recording system activities. By default, the service audits about SELinux AVC denials and certain types of security-relevant events such as system logins, account modifications, and authentication events performed by programs such as sudo. Under its default configuration, auditd has modest disk space requirements, and should not noticeably impact system performance.

NOTE: The Linux Audit daemon auditd can be configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules files (*.rules) located in /etc/audit/rules.d location and compile them to create the resulting form of the /etc/audit/audit.rules configuration file during the daemon startup (default configuration). Alternatively, the auditd daemon can use the auditctl utility to read audit rules from the /etc/audit/audit.rules configuration file during daemon startup, and load them into the kernel. The expected behavior is configured via the appropriate ExecStartPost directive setting in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. To instruct the auditd daemon to use the augenrules program to read audit rules (default configuration), use the following setting:
ExecStartPost=-/sbin/augenrules --load
in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. In order to instruct the auditd daemon to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules, use the following setting:
ExecStartPost=-/sbin/auditctl -R /etc/audit/audit.rules
in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. Refer to [Service] section of the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file for further details.

Government networks often have substantial auditing requirements and auditd can be configured to meet these requirements. Examining some example audit records demonstrates how the Linux audit system satisfies common requirements. The following example from Fedora Documentation available at https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-US/Red_Hat_Enterprise_Linux/7/html/SELinux_Users_and_Administrators_Guide/sect-Security-Enhanced_Linux-Troubleshooting-Fixing_Problems.html#sect-Security-Enhanced_Linux-Fixing_Problems-Raw_Audit_Messages shows the substantial amount of information captured in a two typical "raw" audit messages, followed by a breakdown of the most important fields. In this example the message is SELinux-related and reports an AVC denial (and the associated system call) that occurred when the Apache HTTP Server attempted to access the /var/www/html/file1 file (labeled with the samba_share_t type):
type=AVC msg=audit(1226874073.147:96): avc:  denied  { getattr } for pid=2465 comm="httpd"
path="/var/www/html/file1" dev=dm-0 ino=284133 scontext=unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0
tcontext=unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0 tclass=file

type=SYSCALL msg=audit(1226874073.147:96): arch=40000003 syscall=196 success=no exit=-13
a0=b98df198 a1=bfec85dc a2=54dff4 a3=2008171 items=0 ppid=2463 pid=2465 auid=502 uid=48
gid=48 euid=48 suid=48 fsuid=48 egid=48 sgid=48 fsgid=48 tty=(none) ses=6 comm="httpd"
exe="/usr/sbin/httpd" subj=unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0 key=(null)
  • msg=audit(1226874073.147:96)
    • The number in parentheses is the unformatted time stamp (Epoch time) for the event, which can be converted to standard time by using the date command.
  • { getattr }
    • The item in braces indicates the permission that was denied. getattr indicates the source process was trying to read the target file's status information. This occurs before reading files. This action is denied due to the file being accessed having the wrong label. Commonly seen permissions include getattr, read, and write.
  • comm="httpd"
    • The executable that launched the process. The full path of the executable is found in the exe= section of the system call (SYSCALL) message, which in this case, is exe="/usr/sbin/httpd".
  • path="/var/www/html/file1"
    • The path to the object (target) the process attempted to access.
  • scontext="unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0"
    • The SELinux context of the process that attempted the denied action. In this case, it is the SELinux context of the Apache HTTP Server, which is running in the httpd_t domain.
  • tcontext="unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0"
    • The SELinux context of the object (target) the process attempted to access. In this case, it is the SELinux context of file1. Note: the samba_share_t type is not accessible to processes running in the httpd_t domain.
  • From the system call (SYSCALL) message, two items are of interest:
    • success=no: indicates whether the denial (AVC) was enforced or not. success=no indicates the system call was not successful (SELinux denied access). success=yes indicates the system call was successful - this can be seen for permissive domains or unconfined domains, such as initrc_t and kernel_t.
    • exe="/usr/sbin/httpd": the full path to the executable that launched the process, which in this case, is exe="/usr/sbin/httpd".
Group   Configure auditd Rules for Comprehensive Auditing   Group contains 5 groups and 42 rules
[ref]   The auditd program can perform comprehensive monitoring of system activity. This section describes recommended configuration settings for comprehensive auditing, but a full description of the auditing system's capabilities is beyond the scope of this guide. The mailing list linux-audit@redhat.com exists to facilitate community discussion of the auditing system.

The audit subsystem supports extensive collection of events, including:
  • Tracing of arbitrary system calls (identified by name or number) on entry or exit.
  • Filtering by PID, UID, call success, system call argument (with some limitations), etc.
  • Monitoring of specific files for modifications to the file's contents or metadata.

Auditing rules at startup are controlled by the file /etc/audit/audit.rules. Add rules to it to meet the auditing requirements for your organization. Each line in /etc/audit/audit.rules represents a series of arguments that can be passed to auditctl and can be individually tested during runtime. See documentation in /usr/share/doc/audit-VERSION and in the related man pages for more details.

If copying any example audit rulesets from /usr/share/doc/audit-VERSION, be sure to comment out the lines containing arch= which are not appropriate for your system's architecture. Then review and understand the following rules, ensuring rules are activated as needed for the appropriate architecture.

After reviewing all the rules, reading the following sections, and editing as needed, the new rules can be activated as follows:
$ sudo service auditd restart
Group   Record Information on the Use of Privileged Commands   Group contains 13 rules
[ref]   At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root.

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - gpasswd   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/gpasswd -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/gpasswd -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_gpasswd
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83161-0

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AC-2(4), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020560, SV-217237r603914_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/gpasswd.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_gpasswd
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83161-0
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020560
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_gpasswd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_gpasswd.matched is defined and find_gpasswd.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83161-0
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020560
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_gpasswd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_gpasswd.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_gpasswd.matched is defined and find_gpasswd.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83161-0
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020560
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_gpasswd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the gpasswd rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/gpasswd -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83161-0
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020560
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_gpasswd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the gpasswd rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/gpasswd -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83161-0
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020560
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_gpasswd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - chage   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/chage -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/chage -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_chage
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83110-7

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AC-2(4), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020690, SV-217250r603944_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/chage.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_chage
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83110-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020690
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chage
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_chage.matched is defined and find_chage.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83110-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020690
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chage
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_chage.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_chage.matched is defined and find_chage.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83110-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020690
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chage
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chage rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/chage -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83110-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020690
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chage
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chage rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/chage -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83110-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020690
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chage
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - passwd   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/passwd -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/passwd -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_passwd
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83160-2

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AC-2(4), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020550, SV-217236r603911_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/passwd.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_passwd
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83160-2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020550
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_passwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_passwd.matched is defined and find_passwd.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83160-2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020550
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_passwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_passwd.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_passwd.matched is defined and find_passwd.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83160-2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020550
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_passwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the passwd rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/passwd -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83160-2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020550
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_passwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the passwd rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/passwd -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83160-2
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020550
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_passwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - mount   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/mount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/mount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_mount
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83145-3

References:  CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), FAU_GEN.1.1.c, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SLES-12-020290, SV-217213r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/mount.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_mount
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83145-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020290
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_mount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_mount.matched is defined and find_mount.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83145-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020290
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_mount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_mount.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_mount.matched is defined and find_mount.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83145-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020290
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_mount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the mount rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/mount -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83145-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020290
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_mount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the mount rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/mount -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83145-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020290
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_mount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - unix_chkpwd   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/sbin/unix_chkpwd -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/sbin/unix_chkpwd -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_unix_chkpwd
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83109-9

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AC-2(4), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020680, SV-217249r603941_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/sbin/unix_chkpwd.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_unix_chkpwd
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83109-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020680
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_unix_chkpwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_unix_chkpwd.matched is defined and find_unix_chkpwd.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83109-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020680
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_unix_chkpwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_unix_chkpwd.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_unix_chkpwd.matched is defined and find_unix_chkpwd.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83109-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020680
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_unix_chkpwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the unix_chkpwd rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/sbin/unix_chkpwd -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F
      auid!=unset -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83109-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020680
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_unix_chkpwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the unix_chkpwd rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/sbin/unix_chkpwd -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F
      auid!=unset -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83109-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020680
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_unix_chkpwd
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - crontab   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/crontab -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/crontab -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_crontab
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83126-3

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020710, SV-217252r603950_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/crontab.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_crontab
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83126-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020710
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_crontab
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_crontab.matched is defined and find_crontab.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83126-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020710
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_crontab
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_crontab.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_crontab.matched is defined and find_crontab.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83126-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020710
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_crontab
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the crontab rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/crontab -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83126-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020710
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_crontab
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the crontab rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/crontab -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83126-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020710
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_crontab
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - chsh   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/chsh -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/chsh -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_chsh
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83163-6

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000130, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AC-2(4), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020580, SV-217239r603920_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/chsh.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_chsh
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83163-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020580
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chsh
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_chsh.matched is defined and find_chsh.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83163-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020580
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chsh
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_chsh.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_chsh.matched is defined and find_chsh.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83163-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020580
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chsh
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chsh rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/chsh -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83163-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020580
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chsh
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the chsh rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/chsh -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83163-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020580
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_chsh
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - umount   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/umount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/umount -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_umount
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83158-6

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020300, SV-217214r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/umount.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_umount
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83158-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020300
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_umount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_umount.matched is defined and find_umount.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83158-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020300
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_umount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_umount.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_umount.matched is defined and find_umount.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83158-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020300
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_umount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the umount rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/umount -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83158-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020300
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_umount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the umount rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/umount -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83158-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020300
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_umount
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - pam_timestamp_check   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/sbin/pam_timestamp_check
-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/sbin/pam_timestamp_check
-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_pam_timestamp_check
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83127-1

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020720, SV-217253r603953_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/sbin/pam_timestamp_check.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_pam_timestamp_check
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83127-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020720
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_pam_timestamp_check
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_pam_timestamp_check.matched is defined and find_pam_timestamp_check.matched
      == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83127-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020720
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_pam_timestamp_check
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_pam_timestamp_check.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
        }}'
  when:
    - find_pam_timestamp_check.matched is defined and find_pam_timestamp_check.matched
      > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83127-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020720
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_pam_timestamp_check
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the pam_timestamp_check rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/sbin/pam_timestamp_check -F perm=x -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83127-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020720
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_pam_timestamp_check
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the pam_timestamp_check rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/sbin/pam_timestamp_check -F perm=x -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83127-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020720
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_pam_timestamp_check
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - sudo   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/sudo -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/sudo -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_sudo
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83144-6

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000130, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, BP28(R19), SLES-12-020260, SV-217211r603899_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/sudo.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_sudo
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83144-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020260
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_sudo
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_sudo.matched is defined and find_sudo.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83144-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020260
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_sudo
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_sudo.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_sudo.matched is defined and find_sudo.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83144-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020260
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_sudo
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the sudo rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/sudo -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83144-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020260
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_sudo
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the sudo rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/sudo -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83144-6
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020260
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_sudo
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - ssh-keysign   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/lib/ssh/ssh-keysign
 -F auid>=1000 
-F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/lib/ssh/ssh-keysign

-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_ssh_keysign
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83159-4

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020320, SV-217216r603908_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/lib/ssh/ssh-keysign.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_ssh_keysign
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83159-4
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020320
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_ssh_keysign
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_ssh_keysign.matched is defined and find_ssh_keysign.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83159-4
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020320
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_ssh_keysign
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_ssh_keysign.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_ssh_keysign.matched is defined and find_ssh_keysign.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83159-4
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020320
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_ssh_keysign
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the ssh_keysign rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/lib/ssh/ssh-keysign -F perm=x -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83159-4
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020320
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_ssh_keysign
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the ssh_keysign rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/lib/ssh/ssh-keysign -F perm=x -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83159-4
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020320
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_ssh_keysign
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - su   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/su -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/su -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_su
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83143-8

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000130, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020250, SV-217210r603896_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/su.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_su
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83143-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020250
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_su
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_su.matched is defined and find_su.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83143-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020250
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_su
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_su.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_su.matched is defined and find_su.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83143-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020250
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_su
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the su rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/su -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83143-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020250
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_su
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the su rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/su -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83143-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020250
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_su
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on the Use of Privileged Commands - newgrp   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect the execution of privileged commands for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add a line of the following form to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/newgrp -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add a line of the following form to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/newgrp -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=privileged
Rationale:
Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider and advanced persistent threats.

Privileged programs are subject to escalation-of-privilege attacks, which attempt to subvert their normal role of providing some necessary but limited capability. As such, motivation exists to monitor these programs for unusual activity.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_privileged_commands_newgrp
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83162-8

References:  3.1.7, CCI-000130, CCI-000135, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AC-2(4), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.PT-1, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-VMM-001910, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, BAI03.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020570, SV-217238r603917_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:restrict
- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*path=/usr/bin/newgrp.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_newgrp
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83162-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020570
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_newgrp
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_newgrp.matched is defined and find_newgrp.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83162-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020570
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_newgrp
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_newgrp.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_newgrp.matched is defined and find_newgrp.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83162-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020570
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_newgrp
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the newgrp rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/newgrp -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83162-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020570
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_newgrp
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the newgrp rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F path=/usr/bin/newgrp -F perm=x -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=privileged
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83162-8
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020570
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-2(4)
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - audit_rules_privileged_commands_newgrp
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
    - restrict_strategy
Group   Record Information on Kernel Modules Loading and Unloading   Group contains 3 rules
[ref]   To capture kernel module loading and unloading events, use following lines, setting ARCH to either b32 for 32-bit system, or having two lines for both b32 and b64 in case your system is 64-bit:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S init_module,delete_module -F key=modules
Place to add the lines depends on a way auditd daemon is configured. If it is configured to use the augenrules program (the default), add the lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility, add the lines to file /etc/audit/audit.rules.

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on Kernel Module Loading and Unloading - finit_module   [ref]

If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d to capture kernel module loading and unloading events, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S finit_module -F key=modules
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file in order to capture kernel module loading and unloading events, setting ARCH to either b32 or b64 as appropriate for your system:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S finit_module -F key=modules
Rationale:
The addition/removal of kernel modules can be used to alter the behavior of the kernel and potentially introduce malicious code into kernel space. It is important to have an audit trail of modules that have been introduced into the kernel.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83129-7

References:  5.2.17, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.7, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00216, SRG-OS-000477-GPOS-00222, SRG-OS-000477-VMM-001970, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020740, SV-217255r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:configure
- name: Set architecture for audit finit_module tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83129-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020740
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*finit_module.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_finit_module
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83129-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020740
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_finit_module.matched is defined and find_finit_module.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83129-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020740
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_finit_module.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_finit_module.matched is defined and find_finit_module.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83129-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020740
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the finit_module rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S finit_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83129-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020740
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the finit_module rule in rules.d on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S finit_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83129-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020740
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the finit_module rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S finit_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83129-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020740
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the finit_module rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S finit_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83129-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020740
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_finit
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on Kernel Module Unloading - delete_module   [ref]

To capture kernel module unloading events, use following line, setting ARCH to either b32 for 32-bit system, or having two lines for both b32 and b64 in case your system is 64-bit:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S delete_module -F key=modules
Place to add the line depends on a way auditd daemon is configured. If it is configured to use the augenrules program (the default), add the line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility, add the line to file /etc/audit/audit.rules.
Rationale:
The removal of kernel modules can be used to alter the behavior of the kernel and potentially introduce malicious code into kernel space. It is important to have an audit trail of modules that have been introduced into the kernel.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_delete
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83128-9

References:  5.2.17, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.7, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00216, SRG-OS-000477-GPOS-00222, SRG-OS-000477-VMM-001970, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020730, SV-217254r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:configure
- name: Set architecture for audit delete_module tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83128-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020730
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_delete
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*delete_module.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_delete_module
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83128-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020730
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_delete
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_delete_module.matched is defined and find_delete_module.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83128-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020730
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_delete
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_delete_module.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_delete_module.matched is defined and find_delete_module.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83128-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020730
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_delete
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the delete_module rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S delete_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83128-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020730
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_delete
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the delete_module rule in rules.d on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S delete_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83128-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020730
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_delete
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the delete_module rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S delete_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83128-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020730
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_delete
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the delete_module rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S delete_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83128-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020730
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_delete
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Ensure auditd Collects Information on Kernel Module Loading - init_module   [ref]

To capture kernel module loading events, use following line, setting ARCH to either b32 for 32-bit system, or having two lines for both b32 and b64 in case your system is 64-bit:
-a always,exit -F arch=ARCH -S init_module -F key=modules
Place to add the line depends on a way auditd daemon is configured. If it is configured to use the augenrules program (the default), add the line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility, add the line to file /etc/audit/audit.rules.
Rationale:
The addition of kernel modules can be used to alter the behavior of the kernel and potentially introduce malicious code into kernel space. It is important to have an audit trail of modules that have been introduced into the kernel.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83130-5

References:  5.2.17, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), AC-6(9), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.7, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00216, SRG-OS-000477-GPOS-00222, SRG-OS-000477-VMM-001970, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020750, SV-217256r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Strategy:configure
- name: Set architecture for audit init_module tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83130-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020750
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for audit rule entries
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: ^.*init_module.*$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_init_module
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83130-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020750
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_init_module.matched is defined and find_init_module.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83130-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020750
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_init_module.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_init_module.matched is defined and find_init_module.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83130-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020750
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the init_module rule in rules.d
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S init_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83130-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020750
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the init_module rule in rules.d on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S init_module -k module-change
    state: present
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83130-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020750
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the init_module rule in audit.rules
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S init_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83130-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020750
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed

- name: Inserts/replaces the init_module rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S init_module -k module-change
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83130-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020750
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AC-6(9)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.7
    - audit_rules_kernel_module_loading_init
    - configure_strategy
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - no_reboot_needed
Group   Record Unauthorized Access Attempts Events to Files (unsuccessful)   Group contains 6 rules
[ref]   At a minimum, the audit system should collect unauthorized file accesses for all users and root. Note that the "-F arch=b32" lines should be present even on a 64 bit system. These commands identify system calls for auditing. Even if the system is 64 bit it can still execute 32 bit system calls. Additionally, these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. An example of this is that the "-S" calls could be split up and placed on separate lines, however, this is less efficient. Add the following to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If your system is 64 bit then these lines should be duplicated and the arch=b32 replaced with arch=b64 as follows:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat,open,openat,open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access

Rule   Record Unsuccessful Access Attempts to Files - openat   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect unauthorized file accesses for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
Unsuccessful attempts to access files could be an indicator of malicious activity on a system. Auditing these events could serve as evidence of potential system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_openat
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83093-5

References:  5.2.10, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.4, Req-10.2.1, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000461-GPOS-00205, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000461-VMM-001830, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020530, SV-217234r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit openat tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83093-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020530
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_openat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_openat
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83093-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020530
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_openat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules as
    the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules
  when:
    - find_openat.matched is defined and find_openat.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83093-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020530
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_openat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_openat.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_openat.matched is defined and find_openat.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83093-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020530
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_openat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the openat rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83093-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020530
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_openat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the openat rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83093-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020530
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_openat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the openat rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83093-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020530
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_openat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the openat rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83093-5
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020530
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_openat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Unsuccessful Access Attempts to Files - open_by_handle_at   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect unauthorized file accesses for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open_by_handle_at,truncate,ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
Unsuccessful attempts to access files could be an indicator of malicious activity on a system. Auditing these events could serve as evidence of potential system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open_by_handle_at
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83094-3

References:  5.2.10, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.4, Req-10.2.1, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000461-GPOS-00205, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000461-VMM-001830, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020540, SV-217235r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit open_by_handle_at tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83094-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020540
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open_by_handle_at
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_open_by_handle_at
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83094-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020540
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open_by_handle_at
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules as
    the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules
  when:
    - find_open_by_handle_at.matched is defined and find_open_by_handle_at.matched
      == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83094-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020540
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open_by_handle_at
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_open_by_handle_at.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first
        }}'
  when:
    - find_open_by_handle_at.matched is defined and find_open_by_handle_at.matched
      > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83094-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020540
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open_by_handle_at
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the open_by_handle_at rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83094-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020540
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open_by_handle_at
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the open_by_handle_at rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83094-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020540
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open_by_handle_at
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the open_by_handle_at rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when
    on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83094-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020540
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open_by_handle_at
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the open_by_handle_at rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000
      -F auid!=unset -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83094-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020540
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open_by_handle_at
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Unsuccessful Access Attempts to Files - open   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect unauthorized file accesses for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
Unsuccessful attempts to access files could be an indicator of malicious activity on a system. Auditing these events could serve as evidence of potential system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83131-3

References:  5.2.10, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.4, Req-10.2.1, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000461-GPOS-00205, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000461-VMM-001830, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020490, SV-217230r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit open tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83131-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_open
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83131-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules as
    the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules
  when:
    - find_open.matched is defined and find_open.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83131-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_open.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_open.matched is defined and find_open.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83131-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the open rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83131-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the open rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83131-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the open rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83131-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the open rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83131-3
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020490
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_open
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Unsuccessful Access Attempts to Files - creat   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect unauthorized file accesses for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
Unsuccessful attempts to access files could be an indicator of malicious activity on a system. Auditing these events could serve as evidence of potential system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83092-7

References:  5.2.10, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.4, Req-10.2.1, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000461-GPOS-00205, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000461-VMM-001830, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020520, SV-217233r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit creat tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83092-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020520
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_creat
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83092-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020520
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules as
    the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules
  when:
    - find_creat.matched is defined and find_creat.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83092-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020520
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_creat.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_creat.matched is defined and find_creat.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83092-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020520
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the creat rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83092-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020520
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the creat rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83092-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020520
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the creat rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S creat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83092-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020520
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the creat rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S creat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83092-7
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020520
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_creat
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Unsuccessful Access Attempts to Files - truncate   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect unauthorized file accesses for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S truncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S truncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S truncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S truncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S truncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S truncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S truncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S truncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
Unsuccessful attempts to access files could be an indicator of malicious activity on a system. Auditing these events could serve as evidence of potential system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_truncate
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83085-1

References:  5.2.10, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.4, Req-10.2.1, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000461-GPOS-00205, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000461-VMM-001830, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020500, SV-217231r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit truncate tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83085-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020500
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_truncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_truncate
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83085-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020500
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_truncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules as
    the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules
  when:
    - find_truncate.matched is defined and find_truncate.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83085-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020500
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_truncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_truncate.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_truncate.matched is defined and find_truncate.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83085-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020500
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_truncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the truncate rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S truncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S truncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83085-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020500
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_truncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the truncate rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S truncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S truncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83085-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020500
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_truncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the truncate rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S truncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S truncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83085-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020500
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_truncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the truncate rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S truncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S truncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83085-1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020500
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_truncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Unsuccessful Access Attempts to Files - ftruncate   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect unauthorized file accesses for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following lines to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S ftruncate -F exiu=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following lines:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=access
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
Unsuccessful attempts to access files could be an indicator of malicious activity on a system. Auditing these events could serve as evidence of potential system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83091-9

References:  5.2.10, 3.1.7, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.2.4, Req-10.2.1, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000461-GPOS-00205, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000461-VMM-001830, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020510, SV-217232r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit ftruncate tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83091-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020510
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_ftruncate
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83091-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020510
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules as
    the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/access.rules
  when:
    - find_ftruncate.matched is defined and find_ftruncate.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83091-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020510
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_ftruncate.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_ftruncate.matched is defined and find_ftruncate.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83091-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020510
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the ftruncate rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83091-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020510
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the ftruncate rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: '{{ item }}'
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83091-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020510
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the ftruncate rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83091-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020510
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the ftruncate rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  with_items:
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
    - -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S ftruncate -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset
      -F key=access
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83091-9
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020510
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.1
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.4
    - audit_rules_unsuccessful_file_modification_ftruncate
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy
Group   Record Attempts to Alter Logon and Logout Events   Group contains 2 rules
Group   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls   Group contains 12 rules
[ref]   At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. Note that the "-F arch=b32" lines should be present even on a 64 bit system. These commands identify system calls for auditing. Even if the system is 64 bit it can still execute 32 bit system calls. Additionally, these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. An example of this is that the "-S" calls could be split up and placed on separate lines, however, this is less efficient. Add the following to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown,fchown,fchownat,lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If your system is 64 bit then these lines should be duplicated and the arch=b32 replaced with arch=b64 as follows:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown,fchown,fchownat,lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fsetxattr   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83141-2

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020380, SV-217219r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit fsetxattr tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83141-2
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020380
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_fsetxattr
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83141-2
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020380
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_fsetxattr.matched is defined and find_fsetxattr.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83141-2
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020380
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_fsetxattr.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_fsetxattr.matched is defined and find_fsetxattr.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83141-2
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020380
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fsetxattr rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83141-2
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020380
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fsetxattr rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83141-2
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020380
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fsetxattr rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83141-2
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020380
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the fsetxattr rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fsetxattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F
      key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83141-2
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020380
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_fsetxattr
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - lchown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83135-4

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, SLES-12-020440, SV-217225r603262_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set architecture for audit lchown tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b{{ ansible_architecture | regex_replace('.*(\d\d$)','\1') }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83135-4
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020440
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Search /etc/audit/rules.d for other DAC audit rules
  find:
    paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
    recurse: false
    contains: -F key=perm_mod$
    patterns: '*.rules'
  register: find_lchown
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83135-4
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020440
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: If existing DAC ruleset not found, use /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
    as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - /etc/audit/rules.d/privileged.rules
  when:
    - find_lchown.matched is defined and find_lchown.matched == 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83135-4
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020440
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Use matched file as the recipient for the rule
  set_fact:
    all_files:
      - '{{ find_lchown.files | map(attribute=''path'') | list | first }}'
  when:
    - find_lchown.matched is defined and find_lchown.matched > 0
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83135-4
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020440
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lchown rule in rules.d when on x86
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83135-4
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020440
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lchown rule in rules.d when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ all_files[0] }}'
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83135-4
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020440
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lchown rule in /etc/audit/audit.rules when on x86
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83135-4
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020440
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

- name: Inserts/replaces the lchown rule in audit.rules when on x86_64
  lineinfile:
    line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    state: present
    dest: /etc/audit/audit.rules
    create: true
  when:
    - audit_arch is defined and audit_arch == 'b64'
    - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
    - CCE-83135-4
    - CJIS-5.4.1.1
    - DISA-STIG-SLES-12-020440
    - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
    - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
    - NIST-800-53-AU-2(d)
    - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
    - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
    - audit_rules_dac_modification_lchown
    - low_complexity
    - low_disruption
    - medium_severity
    - reboot_required
    - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - chown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83137-0

References:  5.2.10, 5.4.1.1, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000172, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), AU-2(d), AU-12(c), CM-6(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000458-VMM-001810, SRG-OS-000474-VMM-001940, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04,